Please wait a minute...
 首页  期刊介绍 期刊订阅 联系我们 横山亮次奖 百年刊庆
 
最新录用  |  预出版  |  当期目录  |  过刊浏览  |  阅读排行  |  下载排行  |  引用排行  |  横山亮次奖  |  百年刊庆
清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2016, Vol. 56 Issue (1): 89-96    DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2016.23.018
  建设管理 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
空气污染对城市居民户外活动的影响机制:利用点评网外出就餐数据的实证研究
郑思齐1,2, 张晓楠1,2, 宋志达1,2, 孙聪1,2
1. 清华大学 建设管理系, 北京 100084;
2. 清华大学 恒隆房地产研究中心, 北京 100084
Influence of air pollution on urban residents' outdoor activity: Empirical study based on dining-out data from the Dianping website
ZHENG Siqi1,2, ZHANG Xiaonan1,2, SONG Zhida1,2, SUN Cong1,2
1. Department of Construction Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
2. Hang Lung Center for Real Estate, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
全文: PDF(1036 KB)  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 空气污染已经成为影响中国城市居民生活质量的重要不利因素。它不仅直接影响人们的健康和寿命, 还会对人们的工作效率、情绪、户外活动频率、消费出行和社会互动意愿等多方面形成负面影响, 进一步降低城市的经济和社会活力。该文以北京为例, 利用大众点评网线上点评数据与环保部发布的PM2.5浓度数据, 研究空气污染是否会影响人们外出就餐频率, 以及空气污染对情绪的影响是否会影响人们对相同质量餐馆的评价。研究结果表明: 在控制其他影响因素的基础上, 空气污染会降低居民的外出就餐频率和满意度。该文的定量研究结果给出了城市居民规避空气污染的意愿强度, 有助于准确评估污染对于社会经济活动和居民生活质量的影响程度。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
郑思齐
张晓楠
宋志达
孙聪
关键词 空气污染外出就餐频率就餐满意度PM2.5    
Abstract:Air pollution has become an important element affecting the urban life quality in China, which not only directly affects health and life expectancy, but also affects working efficiency, mood, outdoor activity frequency, trip for consumption and social interaction, further reducing the economic vitality and social vitality of cities. Taking Beijing as a case, this paper works on how air pollution affects residents' dining out frequency and satisfaction based on the reviews from dianping.com and the PM2.5 concentration data released by the Ministry of Environmental Protection. The results show that by controlling other factors, air pollution can reduce dining-out frequency and satisfaction of residents. The quantitative results present the willingness intensity of urban residents to circumvent air pollution and contribute to an accurate assessment of to which degree socio-economic activities and resident life quality will be affected by air pollution increase.
Key wordsair pollution    dining-out frequency    dining-out satisfaction    PM2.5
收稿日期: 2015-02-10      出版日期: 2016-01-29
ZTFLH:  O212.1  
  X51  
引用本文:   
郑思齐, 张晓楠, 宋志达, 孙聪. 空气污染对城市居民户外活动的影响机制:利用点评网外出就餐数据的实证研究[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2016, 56(1): 89-96.
ZHENG Siqi, ZHANG Xiaonan, SONG Zhida, SUN Cong. Influence of air pollution on urban residents' outdoor activity: Empirical study based on dining-out data from the Dianping website. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2016, 56(1): 89-96.
链接本文:  
http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2016.23.018  或          http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/Y2016/V56/I1/89
  表1 主要变量定义及描述性统计量
  图1 PM2.5浓度与外出就餐情况关系
  表2 外出就餐频率模型回归结果
  表3 外出就餐满意度模型回归结果
[1] Asian Development Bank. Toward an environmentally sustainable future: Country environmental analysis of the People's Republic of China[EB/OL]. [2014-10-03]. http://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/pub/2012/toward- environmentally-sustainable-future-prc.pdf.
[2] Currie J, Vogl T. Early-life health and adult circumstance in developing countries [R]. National Bureau of Economic Research, 2012.
[3] Currie J, Neidell M. Air pollution and infant health: What can we learn from California's recent experience [R]. National Bureau of Economic Research, 2004.
[4] Padula A M, Tager I B, Carmichael S L, et al. The association of ambient air pollution and traffic exposures with selected congenital anomalies in the San Joaquin Valley of California [J]. American Journal of Epidemiology, 2013, 177(10): 1074-1085.
[5] Chay K Y, Greenstone M. Air quality, infant mortality, and the Clean Air Act of 1970 [R]. National Bureau of Economic Research, 2003.
[6] Moretti E, Neidell M. Pollution, health, and avoidance behavior evidence from the ports of Los Angeles [J]. Journal of Human Resources, 2011, 46(1): 154-175.
[7] Pope C A, Burnett R T, Turner M C, et al. Lung cancer and cardiovascular disease mortality associated with ambient air pollution and cigarette smoke: Shape of the exposure-response relationships [J]. Environ Health Perspect, 2011, 119(11): 1616-1621.
[8] HEI (Health Effects Institute). Outdoor Air Pollution among Top Global Health Risks in 2010: Risks Especially High in Developing Countries in Asia[EB/OL]. [2013-12-13]. http://www.healtheffects.org/International/GBD-Press-Release.pdf.
[9] Graff Z J, Neidell M. The impact of pollution on worker productivity [J]. American Economic Review, 2012, 102(7): 3652-3673.
[10] Glaeser E L, Kolko J, Saiz A. Consumer city [J]. Journal of Economic Geography, 2001, 1(1): 27-50.
[11] Couture V. Valuing the consumption benefits of urban density [Z]. University of California, Berkeley, Processed, 2013.
[12] Davis D, Dingel J, Monras J, et al. Spatial and social frictions in the city: Evidence from Yelp [R]. Mimeo, 2015.
[13] Bresnahan B W, Dickie M, Gerking S. Averting behavior and urban air pollution [J]. Land Economics, 1997, 73(3): 340-357.
[14] Noonan D S. Smoggy with a chance of altruism: The effects of ozone alerts on outdoor recreation and driving in Atlanta [J]. Policy Studies Journal, 2014, 42(1): 122-145.
[15] Sexton A L. Responses to air quality alerts: Do Americans spend less time outdoors? [Z]. 2011.
[16] Evans G W, Jacobs S V, Dooley D, et al. The interaction of stressful life events and chronic strains on community mental health [J]. American Journal of Community Psychology, 1987, 15(1): 23-34.
[17] Li Z, Folmer H, Xue J. To what extent does air pollution affect happiness? The case of the Jinchuan mining area, China [J]. Ecological Economics, 2014, 99: 88-99.
[18] Levy T, Yagil J. Air pollution and stock returns in the US [J]. Journal of Economic Psychology, 2011, 32(3): 374-383.
[19] Hu X, Li O Z, Lin Y. Particles, pollutions and prices [J]. Available at SSRN 2525980, 2014.
[20] Bakhshi S, Kanuparthy P, Gilbert E. Demographics, weather and online reviews: A study of restaurant recommendations [C]//Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on World Wide Web. ACM, 2014: 443-454. null
No related articles found!
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《清华大学学报(自然科学版)》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn