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清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2016, Vol. 56 Issue (8): 830-835,843    DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2016.25.022
  工程物理 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
多层级应急救援协同调度模型
康凯1,2, 陈涛1, 袁宏永1
1. 清华大学 工程物理系, 公共安全研究院, 北京 100084;
2. 山西省公安消防总队, 太原 030000
Cooperative scheduling model for multi-level emergency response teams
KANG Kai1,2, CHEN Tao1, YUAN Hongyong1
1. Institute of Public Safety Research, Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
2. Fire Department of Shanxi Province, Taiyuan 030000, China
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摘要 随着灾害事故发生频次的不断增多、处置难度的不断增大,仅依靠受灾行政区域内有限的应急救援力量根本无法完成任务,特别是在行政区域边缘地带发生灾情时,受灾行政区域内的应急救援力量比邻近行政区域应急救援力量到场慢的情况经常发生。为了改善这一现状,该文提出了一种多层级应急救援力量协同的方法,包括战区、区域和网格3种协同形式,探究了协同调度的原则,构建了协同调度模型和流程。以不同行政区域的消防应急救援力量协同为例,对区域协同调度进行了实例验证。结果表明:该研究可以有效缩短应急救援首战力量的到场时间,有助于优化应急救援调度工作。
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康凯
陈涛
袁宏永
关键词 应急救援协同调度优化组合    
Abstract:The increasing number of disasters and the increasing difficulties in dealing with these disasters cannot be easily handled by just the limited emergency rescue forces within one administrative area. Especially when the disaster happens at the edge of an administrative area, the emergency rescue teams within the stricken area can often be much slower than the rescue forces in the adjacent area. This paper describes a coordinated multi-level emergency rescue system with three forms of synergistic relationships in the disaster zone, the region and the grid. The analysis examines the principles of cooperative dispatch and gives models for effective cooperation. The cooperative dispatch of fire protection emergency rescue forces from different administrative regions is used to verify the regional cooperative dispatch model. This study can effectively shorten emergency rescue force arrivial times and optimize their dispatch.
Key wordsemergency rescue    cooperative scheduling    optimization
收稿日期: 2015-10-30      出版日期: 2016-08-23
ZTFLH:  X913.4  
通讯作者: 袁宏永,研究员,E-mail:hy-yuan@tsinghua.edu.cn     E-mail: hy-yuan@tsinghua.edu.cn
引用本文:   
康凯, 陈涛, 袁宏永. 多层级应急救援协同调度模型[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2016, 56(8): 830-835,843.
KANG Kai, CHEN Tao, YUAN Hongyong. Cooperative scheduling model for multi-level emergency response teams. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2016, 56(8): 830-835,843.
链接本文:  
http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2016.25.022  或          http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/Y2016/V56/I8/830
  图1 确定应急救援重心点p1的邻近重心点
  图2 市战区划分示意
  表1 路径时间成本
  图3 县、区战区示意
  图4 路径时间成本扩张分割示意
  图5 网格应急救援力量协同示意
  图6 协同调度流程
  图7 实验区域
  图8 消防站设施点路径时间距离扩张
  图9 消防应急救援力量区域协同区域
  图10 消防应急车辆到场时间实测数据统计表
  图11 消防应急首战力量平均到场时间
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