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清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2016, Vol. 56 Issue (11): 1166-1172    DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2016.26.006
  电子工程 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
母语为粤语和英语的普通话学习者的话语基频偏误特征
顾文涛
南京师范大学 语言科技研究所, 南京 210097
Error patterns in fundamental frequency contours of L2 Mandarin utterances by Cantonese and English learners
GU Wentao
Institute of Linguistic Science and Technology, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China
全文: PDF(1554 KB)  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 语音的自然度在很大程度上取决于韵律特征如声调、句调、轻重音等,而普通话、粤语与英语在这些特征上形成了鲜明对比。该文以普通话为研究对象,采用声学分析比较了普通话母语被试以及母语分别为标准粤语和美式英语的2组普通话二语被试的基频特征。通过一组句类、目标字调、焦点位置受控的语句,考察了每组被试的句调、声调、焦点重音的基频编码方式以及三者间的交互作用。研究发现,2组二语被试的偏误特征有同有异,很大程度上可归因于语言负迁移效应,这为汉语的二语语音韵律教学提供了启示。
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顾文涛
关键词 声调句调焦点重音普通话粤语英语二语韵律偏误    
Abstract:Natural speech strongly depends on the prosodic features such as tone, intonation and stress, which are very different in Mandarin, Cantonese and English. This study compares the fundamental frequency (f0) contours of Mandarin speech between native speakers and 2 groups of L2 learners who were native in HK Cantonese and American English. The f0 manifestations in tone, intonation and emphatic stress as well as their interactions are evaluated for a set of controlled sentences varying in sentence type, tone identity, and focus position. The results show that most L2 errors can be ascribed to negative transfers from the L1. The findings have pedagogical implications for learners with particular L1s to improve their L2 Mandarin prosody.
Key wordstone    intonation    emphatic stress    Mandarin    Cantonese    English    L2 prosodic error
收稿日期: 2016-06-17      出版日期: 2016-11-26
ZTFLH:  H014  
  H116.4  
  H193.2  
引用本文:   
顾文涛. 母语为粤语和英语的普通话学习者的话语基频偏误特征[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2016, 56(11): 1166-1172.
GU Wentao. Error patterns in fundamental frequency contours of L2 Mandarin utterances by Cantonese and English learners. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2016, 56(11): 1166-1172.
链接本文:  
http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2016.26.006  或          http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/Y2016/V56/I11/1166
  表1 普通话和粤语的声调系统
  图1 平均基频曲线,显示句中目标音节"z(h)u"的四声变化
  表2 疑问句相对于陈述句的各音节f0/st增量
  图2 平均基频曲线,显示倒数第二目标音节"??a”的四声变化
  表3 陈述句的窄焦点句相对于宽焦点句各音节f0/st差值
  表4 疑问句的窄焦点句相对于宽焦点句各音节f0/st差值
  图3 平均基频曲线,显示句尾目标音节“·ao”的四声变化
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[1] 李善鹏, 顾文涛. 普通话塞擦音的声学特性研究[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2016, 56(11): 1202-1208.
[2] 李英浩, 孔江平. 焦点重音对普通话音段产出和声学特征的影响[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2016, 56(11): 1196-1201.
[3] 冯卉, 宋瑞, 高晓东, 吴桐雨, 党建武. 藏语语者英语单元音发音可视化矫正[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2016, 56(11): 1161-1165.
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