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清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2016, Vol. 56 Issue (11): 1184-1189,1195    DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2016.26.009
  电子工程 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
成年人声道参数与身高的相关性
曹洪林1,2,3, 孔江平3
1. 司法文明协同创新中心, 北京 100088;
2. 中国政法大学 证据科学教育部重点实验室, 北京 100088;
3. 北京大学 中国语言文学系, 北京 100871
Correlations between vocal tract parameters and body heights in adult humans
CAO Honglin1,2,3, KONG Jiangping3
1. Collaborative Innovation Center of Judicial Civilization, Beijing 100088, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Evidence Science of Ministry of Education, China University of Political Science and Law, Beijing 100088, China;
3. Department of Chinese Language and Literature, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
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摘要 为了评估成年人声道与身高的关系,该文采用声反射技术测量了19~30岁之间的109位男性和105位女性的声道形态数据,对声道的长度、体积和比例等8个声道参数与身高之间的相关性进行了研究。研究发现,成年人的声道参数存在显著的性别差异:男性的声道比女性的更长、更大;在咽腔和口腔的比例上,男性的咽腔相对更长、更大。声道与身高之间的关系存在一定的性别差异:男女被试的咽腔长度、咽腔体积、声道长度和声道体积等均与身高存在显著正相关;但整体上,女性声道参数与身高的相关程度高于男性,只有女性声道长度与身高的相关程度达到中度水平,其他均为低度水平。该结果对声纹鉴定领域中通过语音判断未知说话人的身高提供了一定的理论支持。
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曹洪林
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关键词 声反射声道身高相关性成年人    
Abstract:The relationship between the adult speaker's vocal tract (VT) and their height was assessed using acoustic reflections to measure the VT morphometric data of 109 male subjects and 105 female subjects, aged 19-30 years. The heights were correlated with eight VT parameters, including VT length, volume and proportions. Significant gender differences for all eight VT parameters were found with the VTs of males being longer and larger than those of females. The pharynxes of males are relatively longer and larger parts of the oral cavity. Some gender differences were also found for correlations between the VT parameters and height. Specifically, both genders had significant positive correlations between the pharyngeal length, pharyngeal volume, VT length, VT volume and height with the correlations for females generally stronger than those for males. Only the female subjects' VT lengths showed moderate correlations with height, while all of the other correlations are quite weak. These findings provide theoretical support for estimating an unknown speaker's height based on their voice in forensic phonetics.
Key wordsacoustic reflection    vocal tract    height    correlation    adult humans
收稿日期: 2015-06-25      出版日期: 2016-11-26
ZTFLH:  H017  
通讯作者: 孔江平,教授,E-mail:jpkong@pku.edu.cn     E-mail: jpkong@pku.edu.cn
引用本文:   
曹洪林, 孔江平. 成年人声道参数与身高的相关性[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2016, 56(11): 1184-1189,1195.
CAO Honglin, KONG Jiangping. Correlations between vocal tract parameters and body heights in adult humans. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2016, 56(11): 1184-1189,1195.
链接本文:  
http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2016.26.009  或          http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/Y2016/V56/I11/1184
  图1 2位男性被试声道部分的咽声反射曲线
  表1 109位男性被试身高、声道参数统计
  表2 105位女性被试身高、声道参数统计
  图2 男女被试的身高分布直方图
  图3 男女被试的声道长度分布直方图
  表3 声道参数与身高之间的Spearman相关系数
  图4 男性被试身高与声道长度散点图
  图5 女性被试身高与声道长度散点图
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