Please wait a minute...
 首页  期刊介绍 期刊订阅 联系我们 横山亮次奖 百年刊庆
 
最新录用  |  预出版  |  当期目录  |  过刊浏览  |  阅读排行  |  下载排行  |  引用排行  |  横山亮次奖  |  百年刊庆
清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2016, Vol. 56 Issue (11): 1196-1201    DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2016.26.011
  电子工程 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
焦点重音对普通话音段产出和声学特征的影响
李英浩1, 孔江平2
1. 延边大学 外国语学院, 延吉 133001;
2. 北京大学 中国语言文学系, 北京 100871
Effects of focal accent on segmental articulation and acoustical properties in standard Chinese
LI Yinghao1, KONG Jiangping2
1. College of Foreign Languages, Yanbian University, Yanji 133001, China;
2. Department of Chinese Language and Literature, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
全文: PDF(1069 KB)  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 为考察普通话焦点重音对窄焦点域内和域外音段的产出和声学特征的影响,使用动态电子腭位(EPG)获取/t/和/i/的舌腭接触信号,同时采集同步的声门阻抗(EGG)和声学信号。分析结果表明,在窄焦点域内,/t/的舌腭接触面积增大,生理持阻时长增长,持阻段声门状态相对紧张。/i/的舌体上升并前移,元音时长和声强增长或增大,元音频谱发生变化。焦点重音的溢出效应不明显。研究结果表明:焦点重音使得域内所有音段的发音动作均增强,但是域外音段的产出和声学特征一般不受影响。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
李英浩
孔江平
关键词 焦点重音音段产出动态电子腭位声门阻抗汉语普通话    
Abstract:The focal accent in standard Chinese affects the articulatory and acoustical properties of the segments inside and outside the narrow focus domain. The linguopalatal contacts of the segments /t/ and /i/ were obtained using electropalatography (EPG), with electroglottographic (EGG) and acoustic signals simultaneously recorded. The results show that the narrow focus domain has larger linguopalatal contact and alveolar seal duration for /t/. The vocal folds during the consonantal closure interval tend to be tense. The tongue gesture of /i/ is raised and fronted. The duration and intensity of the vowels become longer and louder and their spectral properties are modified. The spill-over effect of the focal accent is not clear but the production of the segments inside the narrow focus domain are generally strengthened. The focal accent does not affect the articulation and acoustical properties of segments outside the domain.
Key wordsfocal accent    segment articulation    electropalatography    electroglottography    standard Chinese
收稿日期: 2016-06-29      出版日期: 2016-11-26
ZTFLH:  H017  
通讯作者: 孔江平,教授,E-mail:jpkong@pku.edu.cn     E-mail: jpkong@pku.edu.cn
引用本文:   
李英浩, 孔江平. 焦点重音对普通话音段产出和声学特征的影响[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2016, 56(11): 1196-1201.
LI Yinghao, KONG Jiangping. Effects of focal accent on segmental articulation and acoustical properties in standard Chinese. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2016, 56(11): 1196-1201.
链接本文:  
http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2016.26.011  或          http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/Y2016/V56/I11/1196
  表1 朗读语料
  图1 语音标记和EPG关键帧示意图
  表2 不同音节位置条件下焦点类型对辅音/t/参数影响的结果
  表3 不同音节位置条件下焦点类型对元音参数影响的结果
  表4 不同音节位置条件下焦点类型对元音共振峰影响结果
  图2 双音节不同位置(前字P1和后字P2)以及4种焦点类型条件下,2位发音人/i,a/的F1和F2的均值在F1/F2声学空间的分布 (横轴为F2,纵轴为F1,单位为kHz)
[1] Edwards J, Beckman M, Fletcher J. The articulatory kinematics of final lengthening[J]. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 1991, 89(1):369-382.
[2] Keating P, Cho T, Fougeron C, et al. Domain-initial strengthening in four languages[C]//Papers in Laboratory Phonology, Vol. 6:Phonetic Interpretation, Cambridge, UK:Cambridge University Press, 2003:145-163.
[3] LI Yinghao. Prosodic boundaries effect on segment articulation in standard Chinese:An articulatory and acoustic study[J]. Journal of Chinese Linguistics, 2015, 43(1):364-398.
[4] CHO T, Keating P. Effects of initial position versus prominence in English[J]. Journal of Phonetics, 2009, 37(4):466-485.
[5] Beckman M, Edwards J. Articulatory evidence for differentiating stress categories[C]//Papers in Laboratory Phonology, Vol. 3:Phonological Structure and Phonetic Form, Cambridge, UK:Cambridge University Press, 1994:7-33.
[6] Erickson D. Articulation of extreme formant patterns for emphasized vowels[J]. Phonetica, 2002, 59(2-3):134-149.
[7] Turk A, White J. Structural influences on accentual lengthening in English[J]. Journal of Phonetics, 1999, 27(2):171-206.
[8] 王韫佳, 初敏, 何琳. 汉语焦点重音和语音重音分布的初步实验研究[J]. 世界汉语教学, 2006, 76(2):86-98. WANG Yunjia, CHU Min, HE Lin. An experimental study on the distribution of the focus-related and semantic accent in Chinese[J]. Chinese Teaching in the World, 2006, 76(2):86-98. (in Chinese)
[9] 赵建军, 杨晓虹, 杨玉芳, 等. 汉语中焦点与重音的对应关系-基于语料库的初步研究[J]. 语言研究, 2012, 32(4):55-59.ZHAO Jianjun, YANG Xiaohong, YANG Yufang, et al. The relationship between focus and accent in Mandarin:An exploratory study based on corpus[J]. Studies in Language and Linguistics, 2012, 32(4):55-59. (in Chinese)
[10] 林茂灿. 汉语焦点重音和功能语气及其特征[J]. 中国语音学报, 2012, 3:13-28. LIN Maocan. Focus stress and functional mood and their features in Chinese intonation[J]. Journal of Chinese Phonetics, 2012, 3:13-28. (in Chinese)
[11] CHEN Yiya. Durational adjustment under corrective focus in Standard Chinese[J]. Journal of Phonetics, 2006, 34(2):176-201.
[12] JIA Yuan, XIONG Ziyu, LI Aijun. Narrow focus patterns of disyllabic words with different morphosyntactic structures in Standard Chinese[DB/OL].[2016-07-30]. http://www.isca-speech.org/archive/tal_2006/papers/tal6_073.pdf.
[13] 李英浩, 孔江平. 普通话双音节V1#C2V2音节间的逆向协同发音[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2011, 51(9):1220-1225. LI Yinghao, KONG Jiangping. Anticipatory coarticulation in V1#C2V2 sequences in standard Chinese[J]. Journal of Tsinghua University:Science and Technology, 2011, 51(9):1220-1225. (in Chinese)
[14] Fontdevila J, Pallares M, Recasens D. The contact index method of electropalatographic data reduction[J]. Journal of Phonetics, 1994, 22(2):141-154.
[15] CHO T. Prosodic strengthening and featural enhancement:Evidence from acoustic and articulatory realization of/a, i/ in English[J]. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2005, 117(6):3867-3878.
[1] 顾文涛. 母语为粤语和英语的普通话学习者的话语基频偏误特征[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2016, 56(11): 1166-1172.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《清华大学学报(自然科学版)》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn