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清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2017, Vol. 57 Issue (1): 1-6    DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2017.21.001
  计算机科学与技术 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
基于双向门限递归单元神经网络的维吾尔语形态切分
哈里旦木·阿布都克里木, 程勇, 刘洋, 孙茂松
清华大学 计算机科学与技术系, 智能技术与系统国家重点实验室, 清华信息科学与技术国家实验室(筹), 北京 100084
Uyghur morphological segmentation with bidirectional GRU neural networks
ABUDUKELIMU Halidanmu, CHENG Yong, LIU Yang, SUN Maosong
State Key Laboratory of Intelligent Technology and Systems, Tsinghua National Laboratory for Information Science and Technology, Department of Computer Science and Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
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摘要 以维吾尔语为代表的低资源、形态丰富语言的信息处理对于满足“一带一路”语言互通的战略需求具有重要意义。这类语言通过组合语素来表示句法和语义关系,因而给语言处理带来严重的数据稀疏问题。该文提出基于双向门限递归单元神经网络的维吾尔语形态切分方法,将维吾尔词自动切分为语素序列,从而缓解数据稀疏问题。双向门限递归单元神经网络能够充分利用双向上下文信息进行切分消歧,并通过门限递归单元有效处理长距离依赖。实验结果表明,该方法相比主流统计方法和单向门限递归单元神经网络获得了显著的性能提升。该方法具有良好的语言无关性,能够用于处理更多的形态丰富语言。
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关键词 双向门限递归单元神经网络维吾尔语形态切分    
Abstract:Information processing of low-resource, morphologically-rich languages such as Uyghur is critical for addressing the language barrier problem faced by the One Belt and One Road (B&R) program in China. In such languages, individual words encode rich grammatical and semantic information by concatenating morphemes to a root form, which leads to severe data sparsity for language processing. This paper introduces an approach for Uyghur morphological segmentation which divides Uyghur words into sequences of morphemes based on bidirectional gated recurrent unit (GRU) neural networks. The bidirectional GRU exploits the bidirectional context to resolve ambiguities and model long-distance dependencies using the gating mechanism. Tests show that this approach significantly outperforms conditional random fields and unidirectional GRUs. This approach is language-independent and can be applied to all morphologically-rich languages.
Key wordsbidirectional gated recurrent unit    neural network    Uyghur    morphological segmentation
收稿日期: 2016-07-08      出版日期: 2017-01-20
ZTFLH:  TP391.2  
通讯作者: 刘洋,副教授,E-mail:liuyang2011@tsinghua.edu.cn     E-mail: liuyang2011@tsinghua.edu.cn
引用本文:   
哈里旦木·阿布都克里木, 程勇, 刘洋, 孙茂松. 基于双向门限递归单元神经网络的维吾尔语形态切分[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2017, 57(1): 1-6.
ABUDUKELIMU Halidanmu, CHENG Yong, LIU Yang, SUN Maosong. Uyghur morphological segmentation with bidirectional GRU neural networks. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2017, 57(1): 1-6.
链接本文:  
http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2017.21.001  或          http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/Y2017/V57/I1/1
  表1 维吾尔语词示例
  图1 面向维吾尔语切分的双向门限递归单元神经网络
  图2 门限递归单元
  表2 维吾尔语形态切分语料库
  表3 维吾尔语词语频度和比例
  表4 维吾尔语语素频度和比例
  表5 向量维度对BiGRU形态切分性能的影响
  表6 对比实验结果
  表7 维吾尔语形态切分实例分析
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