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清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2017, Vol. 57 Issue (1): 100-106    DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2017.21.019
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基于个体偏好的停车泊位优选建模与实证分析
梁伟1, 胡坚明1,2, 张毅1,2, 张佐1,2, 王子为1
1. 清华大学 自动化系, 北京 100084;
2. 现代城市交通技术江苏高校协同创新中心, 南京 210096
Modeling and empirical analyses of parking space choices based on individual preferences
LIANG Wei1, HU Jianming1,2, ZHANG Yi1,2, ZHANG Zuo1,2, WANG Ziwei1
1. Department of Automation, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
2. Jiangsu Province Collaborative Innovation Center of Modern Urban Traffic Technologies, Nanjing 210096, China
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摘要 针对城市居民购物时停车泊位的选择问题,该文在停车者个体偏好的基础上构建泊位优选模型,并分析了购物中心停车场内各种类型泊位的效用。定量描述和分析了泊位选择的行为及特征,考虑了停车者的个体自然偏好、个体行为偏好和个体承受偏好等,并基于多项Logit模型分析了它们对泊位选择的影响程度,建立了一种基于个体偏好的多变量泊位效用模型,针对北京市宜家商场停车场内的泊位和类型分别进行了验证分析。结果表明行为偏好对泊位选择的影响最为明显,同时验证了该效用模型可以更准确地评价停车者对泊位的选择行为。
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梁伟
胡坚明
张毅
张佐
王子为
关键词 停车诱导个体偏好泊位效用非集计分析多变量综合评价    
Abstract:A parking space choice model based on personal preferences was developed for large parking lots to analyze the utility of parking spaces in shopping mall parking lots. The driver's behaviorial characteristics when parking are analyzed based on personal preferences which are assigned into three groups (inherence, skill and affordability) using a multinomial Logit model to analyze the impacts of the preferences on parking choices. A parking choice utility model with multiple variants based on personal preferences was then used to study driver behavior in the parking lot of the Beijing IKEA store. The results show that skill preferences have the most significant impact on the parking space choice. This model can accurately evaluate driver behavior when choosing the parking spaces.
Key wordsparking guidance    personal preferences    parking space utility    disaggregate analysis    multivariate comprehensive evaluation
收稿日期: 2016-05-20      出版日期: 2017-01-20
ZTFLH:  U491.7  
通讯作者: 张毅,教授,E-mail:zhyi@tsinghua.edu.cn     E-mail: zhyi@tsinghua.edu.cn
引用本文:   
梁伟, 胡坚明, 张毅, 张佐, 王子为. 基于个体偏好的停车泊位优选建模与实证分析[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2017, 57(1): 100-106.
LIANG Wei, HU Jianming, ZHANG Yi, ZHANG Zuo, WANG Ziwei. Modeling and empirical analyses of parking space choices based on individual preferences. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2017, 57(1): 100-106.
链接本文:  
http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2017.21.019  或          http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/Y2017/V57/I1/100
  图1 个体偏好的分类
  表1 个体偏好变量设置说明
  表2 个体偏好参数估计结果(p值栏中标∗的为显著项)
  图2 某停车场内泊位位置分布示意图
  表3 停车者个体偏好变量值
  表4 泊位特征因子的指标值
  表5 停车泊位效用值比较
  图3 停车者B选择泊位类型的动态效用
  图4 停车者对不同泊位区域的动态选择结果
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