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清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2017, Vol. 57 Issue (4): 357-361    DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2017.25.004
  水利水电工程 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
工农业经济增加值—污染物排放量函数
林旭1,2, 赵建世1, 雷晓辉2, 王浩1,2
1. 清华大学 水利水电工程系, 北京 100084;
2. 中国水利水电科学研究院 水资源所, 北京 100038
Economic value additional pollutant discharged function for agriculture and industry
LIN Xu1,2, ZHAO Jianshi1, LEI Xiaohui2, WANG Hao1,2
1. Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
2. Department of Water Resources, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
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摘要 如何衡量污染物控制的经济成本,以期给出落实水质达标红线的最小经济成本,成为迫切需要解答的现实问题。目前已有研究中定量分析工具较少,且存在不足。该文在讨论经济增加值与污染物排放相关研究的基础上,推导出地区工农业经济增加值—污染物排放量函数,用于定量分析流域的经济产出与入河污染物排放量。以陕西省渭河流域作为实例分析表明:该函数精度较好,可为流域管理提供定量分析。
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林旭
赵建世
雷晓辉
王浩
关键词 水利经济水质经济增加值陕西省渭河流域    
Abstract:The economic cost of pollutant control was quantified to find the minimum economic cost of implementing a water quality red line. Current studies have few quantitative analysis tools. This study analyzes both the economic value added and the pollutant emission effects to develop a function for the economic value of additional pollutant emissions. This function can be used for quantitative analyze of the additional economic value and the pollutants emitted to rivers in a river basin. This function is used to analyze the effects in the Weihe Basin in Shaan Xi province. The results are accurate and suitable for quantitative analyze for river basin management.
Key wordswater economy    water quality    economic value added    Weihe Basin in Shaanxi Province
收稿日期: 2015-04-25      出版日期: 2017-04-19
ZTFLH:  TV9  
通讯作者: 王浩,教授,E-mail:wanghao@iwhr.com     E-mail: wanghao@iwhr.com
引用本文:   
林旭, 赵建世, 雷晓辉, 王浩. 工农业经济增加值—污染物排放量函数[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2017, 57(4): 357-361.
LIN Xu, ZHAO Jianshi, LEI Xiaohui, WANG Hao. Economic value additional pollutant discharged function for agriculture and industry. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2017, 57(4): 357-361.
链接本文:  
http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2017.25.004  或          http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/Y2017/V57/I4/357
  表1 工业点源污染-经济增加值示例
  图1 工业点源污染-经济增加值函数示例
  表2 陕西省2010年工业分行业增加值及废水排放量表
  图2 西安市工业废水月排放量与增加值函数拟合
  表3 “五市一区”月度工业废水—增加值函数参数
  图3 农业年化肥施用折纯量与增加值函数拟合
  表4 “五市一区”农业化肥施用折纯量
  表5 “五市一区”2006—2011年农业增加值
  表6 “五市一区”化肥施用折纯量—增加值函数参数
  表7 模拟结果和相对误差
  图4 工业废水和化肥施用折纯量模拟相对误差
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