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清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2017, Vol. 57 Issue (4): 369-375    DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2017.25.006
  土木工程 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
王守清1, 伍迪1,3, 彭为2,3, 崔庆斌3
1. 清华大学 建设管理系, 恒隆房地产研究中心, 北京 100084, 中国;
2. 同济大学 经济与管理学院, 上海 200092, 中国;
3. 马里兰大学 土木与环境工程系, 马里兰州 20742, 美国
Allocation of control rights between governments and companies in urban development PPP projects
WANG Shouqing1, WU Di1,3, PENG Wei2,3, CUI Qingbin3
1. Department of Construction Management and Hang Lung Centre for Real Estate, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
2. School of Economics and Management, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China;
3. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Maryland, MD 20742, USA
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摘要 政企合作(public-private partnership,PPP)模式是城镇化建设中缓解财政压力并提高效率的一种新型融资模式,项目控制权在政企间的分配是PPP项目治理的核心问题。为探究PPP项目控制权配置的原则与机理,该文首先根据已有研究建立度量控制权的决策指标体系,基于此收集PPP实践中控制权配置方案的大数据,提出参考度的概念,从行政区域、决策过程、配置主体等视角对数据进行挖掘与分析。其次采用失效模式与影响分析(failure mode and effects analysis,FMEA)指标实施专家调研,通过求解实践统计数据与专家调研结果间的Pearson相关系数进一步分析决策分配方案与决策本质属性间的联系。研究结果发现中国PPP实践中存在法规政策的针对性不高、监管权配置不明确、对企业激励不足、公众参与的操作性不强等问题。最后结合相关理论研究和国际经验对中国PPP实践提出有针对性的建议。
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关键词 政企合作(PPP)项目控制权配置决策    
Abstract:PPP (public-private partnership) is a new financing mode that eases the financial pressure and promotes efficiency. The allocation of control rights in PPP projects is a critical success factor. The control allocation principles and mechanisms in PPP projects are examined using decision indexes to describe the control allocation and nationwide big data. A guiding index is developed to characterize the statistics in terms of the regions, decision-making processes and allocation entities. Then, the FMEA (failure mode and effects analysis) index was used with survey data for a correlation analysis to explain the allocation mechanism. The shortcomings of China's PPP practices are related to the lack of pertinent regulations, allocation monitoring, and industry and public participation. Finally, suggestions are then given based on this research and international experience.
Key wordspublic-private partnership (PPP)    project control rights    allocation    decision
收稿日期: 2015-04-26      出版日期: 2017-04-15
ZTFLH:  F294  
王守清, 伍迪, 彭为, 崔庆斌. PPP模式下城镇建设项目政企控制权配置[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2017, 57(4): 369-375.
WANG Shouqing, WU Di, PENG Wei, CUI Qingbin. Allocation of control rights between governments and companies in urban development PPP projects. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2017, 57(4): 369-375.
链接本文:  或
  表1 项目控制权配置影响因素
  图1 不同行政区域的参考度
  图2 参考度的时序统计
  图3 决策过程参考度的时序统计
  表2 不同主体获得的指标数量
  表3 统计与调研的相关性分析
  图4 PPP制度体系的建议
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