1. Project Management and Technology Institute, State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
2. China Three Gorges International Corporation, China Three Gorges Corporation, Beijing 100033, China
Abstract：Rebuilding the benefit-sharing mechanism is the key to solving problems related tore settling hydropower exploitation. A dynamic rate is used as the evaluation index in the mathematical model for the resettlement compensation and hydroelectricity price for different boundary conditions. The model is applied to the hydropower project in Southwest China as a case study. The results show that migrants get the lowest return among the various stakeholders, hydropower corporations and grid corporations get a moderate level of return, and local investment corporations get the best return. The large economic returns in large hydropower projects allow adjustments of the migrants' compensation as well as the hydroelectricity price so this model are useful in practical projects. This model can be used to improve migrant compensation with the conclusions providing guidance and hydropower resettlement policy.
樊启祥. 水电项目开发利益共享模型研究 [D]. 北京: 清华大学, 2010. FAN Qixiang. Research on the Benefit Sharing Model of Hydropower Project Development [D]. Beijing: Tsinghua University, 2010. (in Chinese)
Wang P, Wolf S A, Lassoie J P, et al. Compensation policy for displacement caused by dam construction in China: An institutional analysis [J]. Geoforum, 2013, 48: 1-9.
Tullos D. Assessing the influence of environmental impact assessments on science and policy: An analysis of the Three Gorges Project [J]. Journal of Environmental Management, 2009, 903(SI): S208-S223.
Cernea M. The risks and reconstruction model for resettling displaced populations [J]. World Development, 1997, 25(10): 1569-1587.
Shanahan M. Large dams: Sharing the water, and the benefits [J]. International Water Power and Dam Construction, 2012, 64(7): 30-31.
Singer J, Watanabe T. Reducing reservoir impacts and improving outcomes for dam-forced resettlement: Experiences in central Vietnam [J]. Lakes & Reservoirs Research and Management, 2014, 19(3): 225-235.
Milewski J, Egre D, Roguet V. Dams and Benefit Sharing-Prepared for Thematic Review I [R]. Edinburgh, UK: ⅡED, 1999.
Skinner J, Niasse M, Haas L, et al. Sharing the Benefits of Large Dams in West Africa [R]. Edinburgh, UK: ⅡED, 2009.
朱文龙, 施国庆. 移民系统分享工程效益机理与方法探讨[J]. 水利经济, 1995(1): 58-61.ZHU Wenlong, SHI Guoqing. The research on the mechanisms and methods of resettlement system sharing project profits [J]. Journal of Economics of Water Resources, 1995(1): 58-61. (in Chinese)
贾若祥. 西部地区水电资源开发利用的利益分配机制研究[J]. 中国能源, 2007, 29(6): 5-11.JIA Ruoxiang. Study on profit allocation mechanism of hydropower development in the western China [J]. Energy of China, 2007, 29(6): 5-11. (in Chinese)
汪恕诚. 水权转换是水资源优化配置的重要手段 [J]. 水利规划与设计, 2004(3): 1-3.WANG Shucheng. Transfer of water right is an important means for optimization of allocation of water resources [J]. Water Resources Planning and Design, 2004(3): 1-3. (in Chinese)
汪洁. 基于成本-收益理论的水库移民补偿模型研究 [D]. 北京: 清华大学, 2014.WANG Jie. Research on the Reservoir Resettlement Compensation Model Based on the Cost and Benefit Theory [D]. Beijing: Tsinghua University, 2014. (in Chinese)
樊启祥, 陆佑楣, 强茂山, 等. 可持续发展视角的中国水电开发水库移民安置方式研究 [J]. 水力发电学报, 2015, 34(1): 237-244.FAN Qixiang, LU Youmei, QIANG Maoshan, et al. Study on China hydropower reservoir resettlement in the view of sustainable development [J]. Journal of Hydropower Engineering, 2015, 34(1): 237-244. (in Chinese)