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清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2017, Vol. 57 Issue (3): 274-280    DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2017.26.009
  物理与工程物理 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
土壤大气耦合的燃气泄漏扩散数值模拟
王岩1, 黄弘1, 黄丽达1, 李云涛2
1. 清华大学 工程物理系, 公共安全研究院, 北京 100084;
2. 中国石油大学(北京) 机械与储运工程学院, 北京 102249
Numerical simulations of leakage gas dispersion based on soil and atmosphere coupling
WANG Yan1, HUANG Hong1, HUANG Lida1, LI Yuntao2
1. Institute of Public Safety Research, Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
2. College of Mechanical and Transportation Engineering, China University of Petroleum-Beijing, Beijing 102249, China
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摘要 城市燃气管网大多埋于地下,存在很多难以探测的微小泄漏,是城市公共安全的隐患。该文面向城市地下燃气管网泄漏探测和评估的需求,针对土壤和大气中燃气扩散规律的不同,在OpenFOAM中对不同的控制方程分别进行求解,并通过地面的传质通量将土壤和大气中的扩散过程进行耦合。研究泄漏量对压强和浓度分布的影响、地面对流传质系数对浓度分布和地面传质通量的影响,计算泄漏燃气在城市街道峡谷中的分布情况。结果表明:地面传质通量分布对街道峡谷中的甲烷浓度分布影响很小,为埋地燃气管道泄漏的探测和评估提供了参考和依据。
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王岩
黄弘
黄丽达
李云涛
关键词 埋地管道燃气泄漏扩散数值模拟    
Abstract:Most urban gas pipelines are buried underground. Small leaks can occur and are difficult to detect, which is a threat to urban public safety. Thus, gas leaks in buried gas lines need to be detected and assessed. The leaks can be located by analyzing the coupled gas dispersion in the soil and atmosphere. Different governing equations were used to model the dispersion in the soil and atmosphere in OpenFOAM. The flows were coupled through the mass flux leaving the ground surface. The models were used to investigate the impact of the leakage rate on the pressure and concentration distribution and the impact of the convective mass transfer coefficient on the concentration distribution and ground mass flux. The gas distribution in an urban street canyon was analyzed to show that the ground mass flux has little effect on the methane distribution in the street canyon. The model can be used as a reference for leak detection and assessments of buried gas pipelines.
Key wordsburied pipeline    gas    leakage    dispersion    numerical simulation
收稿日期: 2016-09-06      出版日期: 2017-03-25
ZTFLH:  X959  
通讯作者: 黄弘,教授,E-mail:hhong@tsinghua.edu.cn     E-mail: hhong@tsinghua.edu.cn
引用本文:   
王岩, 黄弘, 黄丽达, 李云涛. 土壤大气耦合的燃气泄漏扩散数值模拟[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2017, 57(3): 274-280.
WANG Yan, HUANG Hong, HUANG Lida, LI Yuntao. Numerical simulations of leakage gas dispersion based on soil and atmosphere coupling. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2017, 57(3): 274-280.
链接本文:  
http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2017.26.009  或          http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/Y2017/V57/I3/274
  图1 土壤计算区域和边界条件
  图2 大气计算区域和边界条件
  图3 无泄漏情形的压强分布
  图4 泄漏速率为14.8mg/s时的压强分布
  图5 泄漏速率为14.8mg/s时的甲烷质量分数分布
  图6 泄漏速率为29.6mg/s时的压强分布
  图7 泄漏速率为29.6mg/s时的甲烷质量分数分布
  图8 将H增大到50.0/m 时的甲烷质量分数分布
  图9 系数H对地面甲烷传质通量的影响
  图10 地面甲烷通量的分布区域以及A、B、C、D4条甲烷质量浓度观测线
  图11 实际通量分布和均匀通量分布下A、B、C、D4条观测线上甲烷质量浓度的分布
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