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清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2019, Vol. 59 Issue (1): 53-65    DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2018.22.052
  汽车工程 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
锂离子电池自放电机理及测量方法
裴普成, 陈嘉瑶, 吴子尧
清华大学 汽车安全与节能国家重点试验室, 北京 100084
Self-discharge mechanism and measurement methods for lithium ion batteries
PEI Pucheng, CHEN Jiayao, WU Ziyao
Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
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摘要 在锂离子电池的出厂检测及退役后的梯次利用阶段,为了保证成组电池的一致性,需要对电池的自放电率进行测量。该文系统阐述了锂离子电池各部分结构的自放电机理及影响因素,并总结了目前国内外测量自放电率的两类主要方法:静置测量方法通过对电池进行长时间静置得到自放电率,测量时间过长;动态测量方法通过结合等效电路模型等,可以在动态过程中完成参数辨识,在缩短测量时间方面取得了一定的进展。对动态测量方法的实验设计进行创新优化,将是实现自放电率快速测量的发展方向。
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裴普成
陈嘉瑶
吴子尧
关键词 锂离子电池自放电机理测量方法    
Abstract:During pre-delivery inspections of lithium ion batteries and the staggered utilization phase after elimination, the battery self-discharge rate needs to be measured to confirm the uniformity of the lithium ion batteries. This study analyzed the lithium ion battery self-discharge mechanisms, the key factors affecting the self-discharge, and the two main methods for measuring the self-discharge rate. The deposit method for measuring the self-discharge rate stores the batteries for a long time, which is very time consuming. The dynamic method measures the self-discharge rate over a short period based on an equivalent circuit model which significantly shortens the measuring time. The dynamic method needs to be further optimized to realize rapid measurements.
Key wordslithium ion battery    self-discharge    mechanism    measurement methods
收稿日期: 2018-07-30      出版日期: 2019-01-16
基金资助:国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFB0102705,2016YFB0101305);国家自然科学基金项目(21676158)
引用本文:   
裴普成, 陈嘉瑶, 吴子尧. 锂离子电池自放电机理及测量方法[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2019, 59(1): 53-65.
PEI Pucheng, CHEN Jiayao, WU Ziyao. Self-discharge mechanism and measurement methods for lithium ion batteries. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2019, 59(1): 53-65.
链接本文:  
http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2018.22.052  或          http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/Y2019/V59/I1/53
  图1 (网络版彩图)锂离子电池的自放电机理图
  图2 35 ℃ 下不同SOC的 NCM 电池容量衰减率 [72]
  图3 LCO 电池在不同环境温度下的容量衰减 [19]
  图4 静置时间对电池自放电的影响
  图5 环境湿度对电池自放电的影响 [87]
  图6 容量测量方法示意图
  图7 国内外部分标准规定的测量流程
  图8 Sazhin电流测量方法部分实验结果 [97]
  图9 文[100]所用锂离子电池等效电路
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