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清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2018, Vol. 58 Issue (6): 587-592    DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2018.26.018
  土木工程 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
基于BIM的建筑空间与设备拓扑信息提取及应用
张建平1, 何田丰1, 林佳瑞1, 陈星雨1, 张永利2
1. 清华大学 土木工程系, 北京 100084;
2. 火箭军工程设计研究院, 北京 100011
Space and MEP topology extraction and application based on BIM
ZHANG Jianping1, HE Tianfeng1, LIN Jiarui1, CHEN Xingyu1, ZHANG Yongli2
1. Department of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
2. Rocket Force Engineering Design and Research Institute, Beijing 100011, China
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摘要 建筑空间与设备拓扑信息是建筑设计优化、运维管理的基础数据。然而在传统建筑设计与运维过程中,信息存储割裂,难以实现信息集成应用。建筑信息模型(building information modeling,BIM)技术实现了各专业信息的统一描述、存储与管理,可显著提升拓扑信息的提取与应用效率。该文引入BIM数据标准工业基础类(industry foundation classes,IFC),提出了建筑空间与设备的集成拓扑模型,研究了空间与设备拓扑信息的提取与集成技术。在此基础上,该文研发了原型系统并采用实际项目数据进行了应用验证。应用结果表明:该系统可以有效避免重复建模,充分利用BIM的丰富信息,实现空间与设备拓扑信息的综合应用。
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张建平
何田丰
林佳瑞
陈星雨
张永利
关键词 建筑信息模型空间拓扑设备拓扑    
Abstract:Topologies of space and mechanical, electrical and plumbing (MEP) are crucial to a building's design and maintenance. Traditional information storage is often fragmented and difficult to extract and utilize. Building information modeling (BIM) provides the uniform descriptions, storage, and management of various professional information to significantly improve the extraction and application efficiency of topology information. This paper introduces the industry foundation classes (IFC), proposes an integrated topology model of space and MEP, and studies the technology of extracting and integrating the topological information. Tests show that this model eliminates re-modeling, effectively utilize the rich BIM information, and enables integrated applications.
Key wordsbuilding information modeling    space topology    mechanical, electrical and plumbing (MEP) topology
收稿日期: 2017-11-21      出版日期: 2018-06-21
基金资助:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0702107);中国博士后科学基金资助项目(2016M601038);中国科协青年人才托举工程项目(YESS20160122)
通讯作者: 林佳瑞,助理研究员,E-mail:jiarui_lin@foxmail.com     E-mail: jiarui_lin@foxmail.com
引用本文:   
张建平, 何田丰, 林佳瑞, 陈星雨, 张永利. 基于BIM的建筑空间与设备拓扑信息提取及应用[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2018, 58(6): 587-592.
ZHANG Jianping, HE Tianfeng, LIN Jiarui, CHEN Xingyu, ZHANG Yongli. Space and MEP topology extraction and application based on BIM. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2018, 58(6): 587-592.
链接本文:  
http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2018.26.018  或          http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/Y2018/V58/I6/587
  图1 空间与设备集成拓扑模型
  表1 集成拓扑模型实体与IFC实体对应关系
  图2 空间拓扑信息在IFC中的表达
  图3 设备拓扑信息在IFC中的表达
  图4 拓扑综合应用测试
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