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清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2021, Vol. 61 Issue (10): 1195-1201    DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2021.22.027
  建设管理 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
赵越1, 强茂山1, 王淏2
1. 清华大学 水利水电工程系, 项目管理与建设技术研究所, 北京 100084;
2. 清华大学 水利水电工程系, 北京 100084
EPC project owner and contractor design decision analysis based on game theory
ZHAO Yue1, QIANG Maoshan1, WANG Hao2
1. Institution of Project Management and Construction Technology, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
2. Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
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摘要 与传统的设计-招标-建造(DBB)模式将设计与施工分阶段依序进行不同,工程总承包(EPC)模式因能充分发挥设计施工一体化的效用而受到工程界的推崇,业主在项目前期参与设计工作的深度成为EPC项目顺利有效实施的重要因素。该文基于博弈论针对EPC项目前期业主的设计深度对承包商优化设计决策的影响进行研究,并使用数值分析方法寻找适用性更强的双方最优策略。结果显示:随着优化设计的收益成本比的增加,深设计策略的适用性减弱,浅设计策略的适用性增强;深设计策略在收益成本比小于1.2时,存在一个确定的业主承担风险成本比例使得适用性最强,在收益成本比大于1.2时,适用性随着业主承担风险成本比例增加而增强;整体上,招标期业主提供浅设计且后期由承包商进行优化设计是优势策略。该文针对实际工程类型特征给出了有效运用EPC模式的实践建议。
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关键词 工程总承包(EPC)博弈论设计深度优化设计    
Abstract:The engineering-procurement-construction (EPC) method is frequently used in construction projects because this method integrates all aspects of design and construction into one process. This method differs from the design-bid-build(DBB)method in which the design and construction steps are sequential. An important factor for smooth and effective implementation of an EPC project is how involved is the owner early in the design process. This study used game theory to analyze the effects of the owner's level of involvement and the contractor's design optimization decisions in an EPC project with a numerical analysis of the more applicable two-sided optimization strategy for engineering practice. The results show that increasing the profit and cost ratio in the optimization process reduces the importance of the owner's level of involvement in the design process. For profit and cost ratios less than 1.2, the owner being heavily involved in the design has an optimal compatibility with a specific proportion of the risk assumed by the owner while for ratios greater than 1.2, the importance of the owner's level of involvement in the design process increases with increasing proportion of the risk assumed by the owner. Overall, the owner having limited involvement in the design with an design optimization by the contractor is the most advantageous strategy. Practical suggestions are given to help the industry better understand and more effectively use EPC.
Key wordsengineering-procurement-construction (EPC)    game theory    design depth    optimal design
收稿日期: 2021-01-20      出版日期: 2021-08-26
通讯作者: 强茂山,教授,     E-mail:
赵越, 强茂山, 王淏. EPC项目业主与承包商设计决策博弈[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2021, 61(10): 1195-1201.
ZHAO Yue, QIANG Maoshan, WANG Hao. EPC project owner and contractor design decision analysis based on game theory. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2021, 61(10): 1195-1201.
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