1. Institute of Public Safety Research, Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; 2. Hefei Institute for Public Safety Research, Tsinghua University, Hefei 230601, China; 3. Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Human Safety, Hefei 230601, China
Abstract：Landslides are common geological disasters that frequently occur in mountainous areas. Landslides can threaten the safety of people around hidden danger points; thus, timely, accurate monitoring and early warning systems are needed for landslides. This study analyzed the acoustic emission signal and displacement monitoring parameters for existing acoustic emission monitoring systems and early warning models of the deformation before a landslide. A landslide early warning model was then developed based on acoustic emission monitoring using wavelet transforms and an improved tangential angle model. The reliability was verified against laboratory simulation data from Loughborough University, UK. Monitoring equipment was then installed at a key point in the very large landslide prone area in Liannan County, Guangdong Province, China. The acoustic emission monitoring parameters and the displacement parameters were then compared with the measured deformation of the slope. The results show that the acoustic emission monitoring parameters are more sensitive and more accurate than the displacement parameters.
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