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清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2015, Vol. 55 Issue (9): 945-949    
  水利水电工程 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
水库移民营生资本与可持续发展模型
陈文超, 强茂山, 夏冰清, 郑腾飞
清华大学 水沙科学与水利水电工程国家重点实验室, 项目管理与建设技术研究所, 北京 100084
Livelihood resources and sustainable development of relocated people for dam construction: An institutional model
CHEN Wenchao, QIANG Maoshan, XIA Bingqing, ZHENG Tengfei
Project Management and Technology Institute, State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
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摘要 传统“以损定补”思路的局限性是造成水库移民生产生活恢复困难的主要原因之一。该文基于可持续生存框架(sustainable livelihoods framework)思想与中国国情实际, 构建水库移民营生资本与可持续发展机理模型, 表明了中国水库移民营生资本、边界条件、生存策略与可持续发展产出之间的基本逻辑和作用路径, 并通过对中国西南地区7个安置点571位移民的入户调查及结构方程建模(structural equation modeling), 验证了模型的自洽性和有效性。结果表明: 移民生存所依赖的各项资本在水库移民搬迁的初始边界条件作用下发生变化, 随着时间推移形成相应的生存策略和可持续发展产出, 并反过来对主观边界条件和营生资本形成反馈调节, 该过程将持续往复直至系统平衡。
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陈文超
强茂山
夏冰清
郑腾飞
关键词 水库移民营生资本可持续发展结构方程建模案例实证    
Abstract:The limitations of the traditional compensation policy based on material losses are the main factor that prevents relocated people from recovering from resettlement. This paper constructs a model of their livelihood resources and the sustainable development costs for people based on the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework for the China context, which relates the livelihood resources, boundary conditions, survival strategies and sustainable output development. Data collected from 571 migrants from 7 relocated sites in Southwest China was used in the structural equation modeling to verify the models accuracy. The model indicates that livelihood resources change with the initial boundary condition which leads to different survival strategies and different sustainable development outputs. Then, the strategies and outputs will have a feedback effect that affects the boundary conditions and livelihood resources. The process continues until the whole system balances.
Key wordsresettlement    livelihood resources    sustainable development    structural equation modeling    case study
收稿日期: 2015-03-15      出版日期: 2015-11-09
ZTFLH:  TV9  
  F407.9  
通讯作者: 强茂山, 教授, E-mail: qiangms@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn     E-mail: qiangms@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
引用本文:   
陈文超, 强茂山, 夏冰清, 郑腾飞. 水库移民营生资本与可持续发展模型[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2015, 55(9): 945-949.
CHEN Wenchao, QIANG Maoshan, XIA Bingqing, ZHENG Tengfei. Livelihood resources and sustainable development of relocated people for dam construction: An institutional model. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2015, 55(9): 945-949.
链接本文:  
http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/  或          http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/Y2015/V55/I9/945
  图1 中国水库移民营生资本与可持续发展模型
  表1 调研样本分布情况
  表2 调研所考察观测变量
  图2 营生资本、边界条件、生存策略与可持续发展产出互动关系
  图3 营生资本与可持续发展产出建模结果
  表3 各营生资本要素贡献值变化情况
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