Please wait a minute...
 首页  期刊介绍 期刊订阅 联系我们 横山亮次奖 百年刊庆
最新录用  |  预出版  |  当期目录  |  过刊浏览  |  阅读排行  |  下载排行  |  引用排行  |  横山亮次奖  |  百年刊庆
清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2020, Vol. 60 Issue (10): 873-879    DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2020.25.013
  土木工程 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
林佳瑞1, 郭建锋2
1. 清华大学 土木工程系, 北京 100084;
2. 广联达科技股份有限公司, 北京 100193
BIM-based automatic compliance checking
LIN Jiarui1, GUO Jianfeng2
1. Department of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
2. Glodon Software Technology Limited Company, Beijing 100193, China
全文: PDF(2676 KB)  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 建筑工程合规性审查是确保设计或施工方案满足规范,建设绿色、安全、舒适的工程的关键环节。传统人工核对方式对人员的经验及其水平要求高,存在尺度不一、低效漏项、人为操控等弊端。该文对近年来合规性自动审查的有关研究应用作了全面调研和综述,建立了基于建筑信息模型(building information model,BIM)的合规性自动审查研究框架,并从审查规则解译表达、信息建模扩展、规则推理执行及结果输出表现等方面综述了研究现状和不足之处。最后,指出合规性自动审查的研究方兴未艾,尽管已取得了丰硕的成果,但是仍面临信息模型异构和语义鸿沟,规则自动解译和开放、灵活共享,复杂空间关系分析和大规模推理等巨大挑战。
E-mail Alert
关键词 建设工程合规性审查自动规则检查规则推理建筑信息模型(BIM)    
Abstract:Compliance checking of building designs is essential for providing proper designs for green, safe, and comfortable buildings. However, traditional compliance checking approaches are highly dependent on experienced experts. The procedures are tedious and time-consuming with mistakes and inconsistencies often occurring during the checking process. This paper reviews recent research on automatic compliance checking to reflect the state-of-the-art in this area. A framework for automatic compliance checking was developed with the tasks divided into rule extraction and representation, information modeling and extension, rule reasoning and execution, and result reporting and visualization. These four aspects are used to classify the current status and limitations of the various current methods with the results showing that current information models have many differences with huge semantic gaps that require flexible, unified information models, also further investigations are needed of automatic rule extraction methods with an open environment for rule sharing and improved methods will involve complex spatial relationship and large reason capacities.
Key wordsbuilding and construction    compliance checking    automatic code checking    rule reasoning    building information model (BIM)
收稿日期: 2019-08-29      出版日期: 2020-07-09
林佳瑞, 郭建锋. 基于BIM的合规性自动审查[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2020, 60(10): 873-879.
LIN Jiarui, GUO Jianfeng. BIM-based automatic compliance checking. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2020, 60(10): 873-879.
链接本文:  或
[1] TAN X Y, HAMMAD A, FAZIO P. Automated code compliance checking for building envelope design[J]. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 2010, 24(2):203-211.
[2] ZHOU P, EL-GOHARY N. Ontology-based automated information extraction from building energy conservation codes[J]. Automation in Construction, 2017, 74:103-117.
[3] 田明阳. 基于BIM与CBR的消防安全自动规则审查与设计决策支持系统[D]. 成都:西南交通大学, 2018. TIAN M Y. Automatic rule checking and design decision support system for fire protection design based on BIM and CBR[D]. Chengdu:Southwest Jiaotong University, 2018. (in Chinese)
[4] 傅智敏. 我国火灾统计数据分析[J]. 安全与环境学报, 2014, 14(6):341-345. FU Z M. Analysis on the fire data in China for the period between 2003-2012[J]. Journal of Safety and Environment, 2014, 14(6):341-345. (in Chinese)
[5] 陈志波. 浅谈建筑消防审查中的常见问题[J]. 门窗, 2013(9):144, 146. CHEN Z B. Discussion on common problems in compliance checking for fire design[J]. Door & Windows, 2013(9):144, 146. (in Chinese)
[6] 余君, 陈涛, 王静, 等. 局部自动化的消防设计审查方法应用研究[J]. 消防科学与技术, 2017, 36(4):559-561, 564. YU J, CHEN T, WANG J, et al. Semi-automatic rule-based checking for examination of fire safety code[J]. Fire Science and Technology, 2017, 36(4):559-561, 564. (in Chinese)
[7] DIMYADI J, AMOR R. Automated building code compliance checking-where is it at?[C]//Proceedings of the 19th CIB World Building Congress. Brisbane, Australia:CIB, 2013.
[8] DELIS E A, DELIS A. Automatic fire-code checking using expert-system technology[J]. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 1995, 9(2):141-156.
[9] EASTMAN C, LEE J M, JEONG Y, et al. Automatic rule-based checking of building designs[J]. Automation in Construction, 2009, 18(8):1011-1033.
[10] NAWARI N O. Automating codes conformance in structural domain[C]//International Workshop on Computing in Civil Engineering. Miami, USA:ASCE, 2011:569-577.
[11] SALAMA D M, EL-GOHARY N M. Semantic modeling for automated compliance checking[C]//International Workshop on Computing in Civil Engineering. Miami, USA:ASCE, 2011:641-648.
[12] SALAMA D A, EL-GOHARY N M. Automated compliance checking of construction operation plans using a deontology for the construction domain[J]. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 2013, 27(6):681-698.
[13] DIMYADI J, AMOR R. Regulatory knowledge representation for automated compliance audit of BIM-based models[C]//Proceedings of the 30th CIB W78 International Conference. Beijing:CIB, 2013:68-78.
[14] SOLIHIN W, EASTMAN C. A knowledge representation approach in BIM rule requirement analysis using the conceptual graph[J]. Journal of Information Technology in Construction, 2016, 21(24):370-401.
[15] LEE Y C, SOLIHIN W, EASTMAN C M. The mechanism and challenges of validating a building information model regarding data exchange standards[J]. Automation in Construction, 2019, 100:118-128.
[16] LI S, CAI H B, KAMAT V R. Integrating natural language processing and spatial reasoning for utility compliance checking[J]. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 2016, 142(12):4016074.
[17] XU X, CAI H B. Semantic frame-based information extraction from utility regulatory documents to support compliance checking[M]//MUTIS I, HARTMANN T. Advances in Informatics and Computing in Civil and Construction Engineering. Cham:Springer, 2019:223-230.
[18] SOLIHIN W. Lessons learned from experience of code-checking implementation in Singapore[R]. Singapore:Building SMART, 2004.
[19] KANNALA M. Escape route analysis based on building information models:Design and implementation[D]. Helsinki, Finland:Helsinki University of Technology, 2005.
[20] ZHANG J S, EL-GOHARY N M. Semantic NLP-based information extraction from construction regulatory documents for automated compliance checking[J]. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 2013, 30(2):04015014.
[21] HJELSETH E, NISBET N. Capturing normative constraints by use of the semantic mark-up RASE methodology[C]//Proceedings of the 28th International Conference of CIB W78. Sophia Antipolis, France:CIB, 2011:1-10.
[22] LEE H, LEE J K, PARK S, et al. Translating building legislation into a computer-executable format for evaluating building permit requirements[J]. Automation in Construction, 2016, 71:49-61.
[23] ZHANG J S, EL-GOHARY N M. Automated information transformation for automated regulatory compliance checking in construction[J]. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 2015, 29(4):B4015001.
[24] UHM M, LEE G, PARK Y, et al. Requirements for computational rule checking of requests for proposals (RFPs) for building designs in South Korea[J]. Advanced Engineering Informatics, 2015, 29(3):602-615.
[25] FORTINEAU V, PAVIOT T, LOUIS-SIDNEY L, et al. SWRL as a rule language for ontology-based models in power plant design[C]//Proceedings of IFIP WG 5.1 International Conference on Product Lifecycle Management. Towards Knowledge-Rich Enterprises. Berlin, Germany:Springer, 2012:588-597.
[26] PARK S, LEE H, LEE S, et al. Rule checking method-centered approach to represent building permit requirements[C]//Proceedings of the 32nd International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction. Oulu, Finland:IAARC, 2015.
[27] ZHONG B T, GAN C, LUO H B, et al. Ontology-based framework for building environmental monitoring and compliance checking under BIM environment[J]. Building and Environment, 2018, 141:127-142.
[28] ZHANG S J, BOUKAMP F, TEIZER J. Ontology-based semantic modeling of construction safety knowledge:Towards automated safety planning for job hazard analysis (JHA)[J]. Automation in Construction, 2015, 52:29-41.
[29] ZHONG B T, DING L Y, LUO H B, et al. Ontology-based semantic modeling of regulation constraint for automated construction quality compliance checking[J]. Automation in Construction, 2012, 28:58-70.
[30] YURCHYSHYNA A, ZARLI A. An ontology-based approach for formalisation and semantic organisation of conformance requirements in construction[J]. Automation in Construction, 2009, 18(8):1084-1098.
[31] DIMYADI J, CLIFTON C, SPEARPOINT M, et al. Computerizing regulatory knowledge for building engineering design[J]. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 2016, 30(5):C4016001.
[32] AI·U LAL S M, GVNAYDIN H M. Computer representation of building codes for automated compliance checking[J]. Automation in Construction, 2017, 82:43-58.
[33] MARTINS J P, MONTEIRO A. LicA:A BIM based automated code-checking application for water distribution systems[J]. Automation in Construction, 2013, 29:12-23.
[34] YANG Q Z, XU X J. Design knowledge modeling and software implementation for building code compliance checking[J]. Building and Environment, 2004, 39(6):689-698.
[35] CHOI J, CHOI J, KIM I. Development of BIM-based evacuation regulation checking system for high-rise and complex buildings[J]. Automation in Construction, 2014, 46:38-49.
[36] MALSANE S, MATTHEWS J, LOCKLEY S, et al. Development of an object model for automated compliance checking[J]. Automation in Construction, 2015, 49:51-58.
[37] LEE J K, LEE J, JEONG Y S, et al. Development of space database for automated building design review systems[J]. Automation in Construction, 2012, 24:203-212.
[38] SOLIHIN W. A simplified BIM data representation using a relational database schema for an efficient rule checking system and its associated rule checking language[D]. Atlanta, USA:Georgia Institute of Technology, 2015.
[39] BRAMER M. Logic programming with Prolog[M]. London, UK:Springer-Verlag, 2005.
[40] PAUWELS P, VAN DEURSEN D, VERSTRAETEN R, et al. A semantic rule checking environment for building performance checking[J]. Automation in Construction, 2011, 20(5):506-518.
[41] GHANNAD P, LEE Y, DIMYADI J, et al. Automated BIM data validation integrating open-standard schema with visual programming language[J]. Advanced Engineering Informatics, 2019, 40:14-28.
[42] HIETANEN J, FINAL S. IFC model view definition format[R]. Singapore:International Alliance for Interoperability, 2006:1-29.
[43] PREIDEL C, BORRMANN A. Automated code compliance checking based on a visual language and building information modeling[C]//Proceedings of the 32nd International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and Mining. Red Hook, USA:Curran Associates Inc, 2015.
[44] PLUME J, MITCHELL J. Collaborative design using a shared IFC building model-Learning from experience[J]. Automation in Construction, 2007, 16(1):28-36.
[45] 邓亚. 三维建筑消防设计图纸审查系统的研究与实现[D]. 北京:北京建筑大学, 2016. DENG Y. The research and implementation of the three dimensional building fire design drawing review system[D]. Beijing:Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 2016. (in Chinese)
[46] ZHANG S, LEE J K, VENUGOPAL M, et al. Integrating BIM and safety:An automated rule-based checking system for safety planning and simulation[C]//Proceedings of the CIB W099. Washington DC, USA:CIB, 2011.
[47] BALABAN Ö, KILIMCI E S Y, ÇAǦDAS G. Automated code compliance checking model for fire egress codes[C]//Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference. Prague, Czech Republic, 2012.
[48] JEONG J, LEE G. Requirements for automated code checking for fire resistance and egress rule using BIM[C]//Proceedings of the ICCEMICCPM 2009. Jeju, Korea, 2009:316-322.
[49] SHIH S, SHER W, GIGGINS H, et al. Assessment of the building code of Australia to inform the development of BIM-enabled code-checking systems[C]//Proceedings of the 19th CIB World Building Congress. Brisbane, Australia, 2013:1-12.
[50] CLAYTON M, FUDGE P, THOMPSON J. Automated plan review for building code compliance using BIM[C]//Proceedings of the 20th International Workshop:Intelligent Computing in Engineering (EG-ICE 2013). Vienna, Austria, 2013:1-10.
[51] ZHANG J S, EL-GOHARY N M. Integrating semantic NLP and logic reasoning into a unified system for fully-automated code checking[J]. Automation in Construction, 2017, 73:45-57.
[52] ZHANG S J, TEIZER J, LEE J K, et al. Building information modeling (BIM) and safety:Automatic safety checking of construction models and schedules[J]. Automation in Construction, 2013, 29:183-195.
[53] GETULI V, VENTURA S M, CAPONE P, et al. BIM-based code checking for construction health and safety[J]. Procedia Engineering, 2017, 196:454-461.
[54] JIANG L, LEICHT R M. Automated rule-based constructability checking:Case study of formwork[J]. Journal of Management in Engineering, 2014, 31(1):A4014004.
[55] BEACH T H, REZGUI Y, LI H, et al. A rule-based semantic approach for automated regulatory compliance in the construction sector[J]. Expert Systems with Applications, 2015, 42(12):5219-5231.
[56] CHENG J C P, DAS M. A BIM-based web service framework for green building energy simulation and code checking[J]. Journal of Information Technology in Construction (ITcon), 2014, 19(8):150-168.
[57] NAWARI N, NAWARI O. A generalized adaptive framework (GAF) for automating code compliance checking[J]. Buildings, 2019, 9(4):86.
[58] PAUWELS P, DE FARIAS T M, ZHANG C, et al. A performance benchmark over semantic rule checking approaches in construction industry[J]. Advanced Engineering Informatics, 2017, 33:68-88.
[59] 吉久茂, 童华炜, 张家立. 基于Solibri model checker的BIM模型质量检查方法探究[J]. 土木建筑工程信息技术, 2014, 6(1):14-19. JI J M, TONG H W, ZHANG J L. Inquiry of the method of BIM model checking based Solibri model checker[J]. Journal of Information Technology in Civil Engineering and Architecture, 2014, 6(1):14-19. (in Chinese)
[60] ZHOU Y W, HU Z Z, LIN J R, et al. A review on 3D spatial data analytics for building information models[J]. Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering, 2019:1-5.
[1] 刘广宇, 安芃, 伍震, 胡振中. 基于本体的公路工程安全领域知识建模和应用[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2024, 64(2): 224-234.
[2] 曹新颖, 孟凡凡, 李小冬. 基于精益管理的装配式建造过程返工风险智能识别[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2023, 63(2): 201-209.
[3] 郭红领, 叶啸天, 任琦鹏, 罗柱邦. 基于BIM和规则推理的施工进度计划自动编排[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2022, 62(2): 189-198.
[4] 胡振中, 冷烁, 袁爽. 基于BIM和数据驱动的智能运维管理方法[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2022, 62(2): 199-207.
[5] 郭红领, 周颖, 叶啸天, 罗柱邦, 薛帆. IFC数据模型至关系型数据库模型的自动映射[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2021, 61(2): 152-160.
[6] 林佳瑞, 张建平. 基于IFC的绿色性能分析数据转换与共享[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2016, 56(9): 997-1002.
[7] 刘强, 张建平, 胡振中. 基于键-值缓存的IFC模型Web应用技术[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2016, 56(4): 348-353,359.
[8] 胡振中, 陈祥祥, 王亮, 何田丰. 基于BIM的管道预制构件设计技术与系统研发[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2015, 55(12): 1269-1275.
Full text



版权所有 © 《清华大学学报(自然科学版)》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持