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清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2015, Vol. 55 Issue (6): 678-683    
  核能与新能源工程 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
孙亮1,2,3, 陈文颖1,2
1. 清华大学 现代管理研究中心, 北京 100084;
2. 清华大学 核能与新能源技术研究院, 北京 100084;
3. 中国民航管理干部学院 通用航空系, 北京 100102
Pipeline networks for CCUS by static programming in the Chinese Mainland
SUN Liang1,2,3, CHEN Wenying1,2
1. Research Center of Contemporary Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
2. Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
3. Department of General Aviation, Civil Aviation Management Institute of China, Beijing 100102, China
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摘要 碳捕集、利用与封存(CCUS)技术对能源结构以煤为主的中国中远期碳减排可能具有重要作用, 而中国大陆CCUS匹配管网布局还鲜有研究。该文通过建立基于数学规划和优化的高级建模系统(GAMS)的源汇匹配管网优化模型对中国大陆主要的电厂、钢铁、水泥、合成氨、炼油等排放源以及油田、煤田、咸水层等封存库进行了匹配研究。结果表明: 管网布局以南北走向为主, 华东和华北地区是实施CCUS的重要地区。通过实施CO2地质封存, 每年可增产原油23 Mt, 增产煤层气4.9×1010 m3, 经济效益达7.8×1010 RMB/a。当CO2捕集封存量在288~2 886 Mt/a变化时, 单位CO2运输成本保持在7~12 RMB/t之间。当CO2捕集量达到2 886 Mt/a时, 管道总长度达5.0×104 km。
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关键词 碳捕集利用与封存(CCUS)源汇匹配静态规划管网规划    
Abstract:Carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) may play an important role in China's long-term carbon emissions reduction in which coal is the main energy source. However, there has been little research on the need for pipeline networks for CCUS in the Chinese Mainland. The CO2 pipeline networks and the economic feasibility of which for large-scale CCUS use were analyzed using a static source-sink matching model based on the general algebraic modeling system(GAMS) for the Chinese mainland. Most pipelines should run from south to north, while East China and North China have good structures for CCUS implementation. CO2 geological storage can produce 23 Mt/a crude oil through CO2 enhanced oil recovery (CO2-EOR), while 4.9×1010 m3/a natural gas can be produced by CO2 enhanced coal bed methane (CO2-ECBM), which will lead to an economic benefit of 7.8×1010 RMB/a. When the amount of CO2 in the CCUS is increased from 288 Mt/ato 2 886 Mt/a, the unit CO2 transportation cost is 7-12 RMB/t. The required total pipeline length will be 5.0×104 km for a CO2 capture rate of 2 886 Mt/a.
Key wordscarbon capture    utilization and storage (CCUS)    source-sink matching    static programming    pipeline network planning
收稿日期: 2014-05-12      出版日期: 2015-09-08
ZTFLH:  F407.2  
通讯作者: 陈文颖, 研究员。E-mail:     E-mail:
孙亮, 陈文颖. 中国大陆CCUS源汇静态匹配管网布局[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2015, 55(6): 678-683.
SUN Liang, CHEN Wenying. Pipeline networks for CCUS by static programming in the Chinese Mainland. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2015, 55(6): 678-683.
链接本文:  或
  表1 课题组收集的中国大陆主要大型CO2排放源
  表2 中国6大行政区CO2排放情况/(Mt·a-1)
  表3 中国6大行政区CO2地质封存潜力分布/Mt
  图1 不同CO2捕集封存目标下各种排放源的捕集情况
  图2 不同CO2捕集封存目标下各地区的捕集情况
  图3 不同CO2捕集封存目标下各种封存介质的封存情况
  图4 不同CO2捕集封存目标下各地区的封存情况
  图5 单位成本曲线
  图6 CCUS目标量为2886Mt/a时管网信息
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