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清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2016, Vol. 56 Issue (7): 759-764,771    DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2016.21.041
  核能与新能源工程 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
压力变化条件下静止液滴相变模型
赵富龙, 薄涵亮, 刘潜峰
清华大学 核能与新能源技术研究院, 北京 100084
Static droplet phase transformation model for variable pressure conditions
ZHAO Fulong, BO Hanliang, LIU Qianfeng
Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
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摘要 汽水分离装置是蒸汽发生器中非常重要的部件,作用是去除蒸汽流中夹带的小液滴,为汽轮机提供品质合格的饱和蒸汽,其性能对核电站运行的安全性和经济性有着十分重要的影响。液滴在汽水分离装置中的运动过程中,阻力和结构的变化会造成压力降低,打破汽液相平衡,造成液滴的蒸发,进而影响汽水分离性能。该文从压力变化条件下静止液滴的物理现象描述和机理解释出发,建立了压力变化条件下静止液滴相变的水动力学-动力学模型,通过了时间步长的网格无关性验证,与实验结果吻合良好,相对误差在±5%以内。该模型可以为进一步研究汽水分离装置中的液滴运动相变过程和改进汽水分离性能提供理论依据。
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赵富龙
薄涵亮
刘潜峰
关键词 汽水分离液滴蒸发压力变化水动力学模型    
Abstract:The steam-water separator is a very important part of steam generators. The steam separator removes small droplets carried by the vapor stream to provide saturated vapor to the steam turbine. The steam-water separator performance then greatly impacts the safety and economy of the nuclear power station. As droplets move through the separator, the pressure decreases due to the flow resistance and structure variation, which may break the liquid-vapor equilibrium, cause the droplets to evaporate and influence the steam-water separator performance. This paper gives a hydrodynamic-kinetic model of static droplet phase transformations when the pressure varies based on physical and mechanist models of droplet evaporation. The model predictions are independent of the time step and the results agree well with existing data with relative errors less than ±5%. This model provides a theoretical reference for further studies of droplet phase transformations to improve the separation performance of steam separators.
Key wordssteam-water separation    droplet evaporation    pressure variation    hydrodynamic-kinetic model
收稿日期: 2015-10-13      出版日期: 2016-07-22
ZTFLH:  O359.1  
  TK124  
通讯作者: 薄涵亮,教授,E-mail:bohl@tsinghua.edu.cn     E-mail: bohl@tsinghua.edu.cn
引用本文:   
赵富龙, 薄涵亮, 刘潜峰. 压力变化条件下静止液滴相变模型[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2016, 56(7): 759-764,771.
ZHAO Fulong, BO Hanliang, LIU Qianfeng. Static droplet phase transformation model for variable pressure conditions. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2016, 56(7): 759-764,771.
链接本文:  
http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2016.21.041  或          http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/Y2016/V56/I7/759
  图1 不同压力下蒸发冷凝系数的拟合曲线
  图2 不同疏密网格的液滴温度随时间的变化曲线
  图3 液滴温度随时间变化曲线及与实验结果对比
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