Please wait a minute...
 首页  期刊介绍 期刊订阅 联系我们 横山亮次奖 百年刊庆
 
最新录用  |  预出版  |  当期目录  |  过刊浏览  |  阅读排行  |  下载排行  |  引用排行  |  横山亮次奖  |  百年刊庆
清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2022, Vol. 62 Issue (10): 1591-1605    DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2022.22.012
  防灾减灾 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
基于情景模拟的城市洪涝交通影响评估
邵薇薇1, 刘家宏1, 王开博1, 苏鑫1, 邵蕊1,2, 梅超1, 李泽锦3
1. 中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室, 北京 100038;
2. 清华大学 水利水电工程系, 水沙科学与水利水电工程国家重点实验室, 北京 100084;
3. 长江设计集团有限公司, 武汉 430010
Assessment of urban flood impact on traffic flow based on scenario simulations
SHAO Weiwei1, LIU Jiahong1, WANG Kaibo1, SU Xin1, SHAO Rui1,2, MEI Chao1, LI Zejin3
1. State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China;
2. State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
3. Changjiang Institute of Survey, Planning, Design and Research, Wuhan 430010, China
全文: PDF(41843 KB)   HTML
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 为分析城市洪涝对于交通路网的间接影响,采用一二维耦合的水动力模型对极端降雨情景下的城市洪涝进行模拟。以广东省前山河流域为研究对象,采用开放街道地图(OSM)与百度地图应用程序接口(API)获取交通路网及实时车速数据,通过通行速度衰减模型分析了城市洪涝对道路交通的影响。结果表明:城市各个等级道路的通行速度在工作日均存在明显的"交通潮汐"现象,且晚高峰交通拥堵现象更为严重;在设计暴雨条件下,高等级道路在不同降雨情景下通行速度降低的绝对值大于低等级道路,三级路受影响路段的长度最长,快速路受影响道路长度占比最大,三级路单位距离通行时间最长。暴雨重现期由20a一遇增加到50a一遇时,受影响路段增加的数量最多。该研究评估了极端暴雨和洪涝对城市交通的影响,可为城市洪涝治理与灾损评估提供理论依据。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
邵薇薇
刘家宏
王开博
苏鑫
邵蕊
梅超
李泽锦
关键词 城市洪涝交通路网道路中断行车速度通行时间    
Abstract:The indirect impact of urban floods on traffic networks was studied using one and two dimensional coupled hydrodynamic models for extreme rainfall scenarios.The Qianshan River Basin in Guangdong Province was used as the study area.Open street maps (OSM) and the Baidu Map application programming interface (API) were used to obtain the traffic road network and real-time vehicle speed data to analyze the impact of urban floods on traffic.The results show that for all levels of urban roads,the traffic speed exhibits the tidal phenomenon during weekday commutes with more serious traffic congestion during the evening rush hours.During extreme rainfall events,the absolute decreases in the speeds are larger on high-quality roads than on low-quality roads.The affected sections are longest on tertiary roads,express ways have the largest portion of the affected sections,and tertiary roads have the longest transit times per unit length.For the rainstorm design return period increasing from 20 a to 50 a,the number of affected roads increases the most.This study assesses traffic flows when dealing with heavy rainfalls and floods as a theoretical basis for urban flood management and damage assessments.
Key wordsurban flood    traffic network    road interruption    traffic speed    driving time
收稿日期: 2021-10-21      出版日期: 2022-09-03
基金资助:刘家宏,正高级工程师,E-mail:liujh@iwhr.com
引用本文:   
邵薇薇, 刘家宏, 王开博, 苏鑫, 邵蕊, 梅超, 李泽锦. 基于情景模拟的城市洪涝交通影响评估[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2022, 62(10): 1591-1605.
SHAO Weiwei, LIU Jiahong, WANG Kaibo, SU Xin, SHAO Rui, MEI Chao, LI Zejin. Assessment of urban flood impact on traffic flow based on scenario simulations. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2022, 62(10): 1591-1605.
链接本文:  
http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2022.22.012  或          http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/Y2022/V62/I10/1591
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
[1] 徐宗学,陈浩,任梅芳,等.中国城市洪涝致灾机理与风险评估研究进展[J].水科学进展, 2020, 31(5):713-724. XU Z X, CHEN H, REN M F, et al. Progress on disaster mechanism and risk assessment of urban flood/waterlogging disasters in China[J]. Advances in Water Science, 2020, 31(5):713-724.(in Chinese)
[2] 高凯,杨志勇,高希超,等.城市洪涝损失评估方法综述[J].水利水电技术, 2021, 52(4):57-68. GAO K, YANG Z Y, GAO X C, et al. A review of the evaluation methods of urban flood loss[J]. Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering, 2021, 52(4):57-68.(in Chinese)
[3] 程晓陶,李超超.城市洪涝风险的演变趋向、重要特征与应对方略[J].中国防汛抗旱, 2015, 25(3):6-9. CHENG X T, LI C C. The evolution trend, key features and countermeasures of urban flood risk[J]. China Flood&Drought Management, 2015, 25(3):6-9.(in Chinese)
[4] 张建云,王银堂,贺瑞敏,等.中国城市洪涝问题及成因分析[J].水科学进展, 2016, 27(4):485-491. ZHANG J Y, WANG Y T, HE R M, et al. Discussion on the urban flood and waterlogging and causes analysis in China[J]. Advances in Water Science, 2016, 27(4):485-491.(in Chinese)
[5] ZEVENBERGEN C, FU D F, PATHIRANA A. Transitioning to sponge cities:Challenges and opportunities to address urban water problems in China[J]. Water, 2018, 10(9):1230.
[6] 杨敏行,黄波,崔翀,等.基于韧性城市理论的灾害防治研究回顾与展望[J].城市规划学刊, 2016(1):48-55. YANG M X, HUANG B, CUI C, et al. Review and prospect:Urban disaster resilience[J]. Urban Planning Forum, 2016(1):48-55.(in Chinese)
[7] 张荣华,马妮.美国绿色城市发展及其对我国城市建设的启示[J].中国社会科学院研究生院学报, 2016(3):125-129. ZHANG R H, MA N. The development of green cities in the United States and its implications to China's urban construction[J]. Journal of Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, 2016(3):125-129.(in Chinese)
[8] 杜磊,杨晓宽.不同道路积水情况对交通影响及造成损失的研究[C]//科技创新绿色交通:第十一次全国城市道路交通学术会议论文集.大连:中国土木工程学会, 2011:389-393. DU L, YANG X K. Study on the impact of traffic and loss caused by different inundation depth[C]//Technological Innovation, Green Transportation:Proceedings of the 11th National Urban Road Transportation Academic Conference. Dalian:China Civil Engineering Society, 2011:389-393.(in Chinese)
[9] MITSAKIS E, STAMOS I, DIAKAKIS M, et al. Impacts of high-intensity storms on urban transportation:Applying traffic flow control methodologies for quantifying the effects[J]. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 2014, 11(8):2145-2154.
[10] 胡文燕,李梦雅,王军,等.暴雨内涝影响下的城市道路交通拥挤特征识别[J].地理科学进展, 2018, 37(6):772-780. HU W Y, LI M Y, WANG J, et al. Urban traffic congestion caused by rainstorms and innudation[J]. Progress in Geography, 2018, 37(6):772-780.(in Chinese)
[11] SU B N, HUANG H, LI Y T. Integrated simulation method for waterlogging and traffic congestion under urban rainstorms[J]. Natural Hazards, 2016, 81(1):23-40.
[12] 陈文杰.城市洪涝水文水动力模型构建与洪涝管理关键问题研究[D].广州:华南理工大学, 2019. CHEN W J. Urban flood hydrological and hydrodynamic model construction and flood management key issues exploration[D]. Guangzhou:South China University of Technology, 2019.(in Chinese)
[13] 刘家宏,李泽锦,梅超,等.基于TELEMAC-2D的不同设计暴雨下厦门岛城市内涝特征分析[J].科学通报, 2019, 64(19):2055-2066. LIU J H, LI Z J, MEI C, et al. Urban flood analysis for different design storm hyetographs in Xiamen Island based on TELEMAC-2D[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2019, 64(19):2055-2066.(in Chinese)
[14] 彭建,魏海,武文欢,等.基于土地利用变化情景的城市暴雨洪涝灾害风险评估:以深圳市茅洲河流域为例[J].生态学报, 2018, 38(11):3741-3755. PENG J, WEI H, WU W H, et al. Storm flood disaster risk assessment in urban area based on the simulation of land use scenarios:A case of Maozhou watershed in Shenzhen city[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2018, 38(11):3741-3755.(in Chinese)
[15] 李泽锦.基于水动力模拟的城市洪涝及其对交通影响的动态评估[D].北京:中国水利水电科学研究院, 2020. LI Z J. Urban flood simulation based on hydrodynamic model and the traffic impact dynamic evaluation[D]. Beijing:China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, 2020.(in Chinese)
[16] MAIR M, ZISCHG J, RAUCH W, et al. Where to find water pipes and sewers?On the correlation of infrastructure networks in the Urban Environment[J]. Water, 2017, 9(2):146.
[17] SHAO W W, SU X, LU J, et al. The application of big data in the analysis of the impact of urban floods:A case study of Qianshan River Basin[J]. Journal of Physics:Conference Series, 2021, 1955(1):012061.
[18] 中华人民共和国住房和城乡建设部,中华人民共和国国家质量监督检验检疫总局.室外排水设计规范(2016年版):GB 50014-2006[S].北京:中国计划出版社, 2016. Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Construction of the People's Republic of China, General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China. Code for design of outdoor wastewater engineering:GB 50014-2006(2016 Version)[S]. Beijing:China Planning Press, 2016.(in Chinese)
[19] 田鹏飞.基于情景的上海城区暴雨内涝模拟及对道路和地铁的影响分析[D].上海:上海师范大学, 2018. TIAN P F. Scenario-based simulation of heavy rain and waterlogging in Shanghai urban area and analysis of its impact on roads and subways[D]. Shanghai:Shanghai Normal University, 2018.(in Chinese)
[20] LYU H, NI G H, CAO X J, et al. Effect of temporal resolution of rainfall on simulation of urban flood processes[J]. Water, 2018, 10(7):880.
[21] COULIBALY G, LEYE B, TAZEN F, et al. Urban flood modeling using 2D shallow-water equations in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso[J]. Water, 2020, 12(8):2120.
[22] BISHT D S, CHATTERJEE C, KALAKOTI S, et al. Modeling urban floods and drainage using SWMM and MIKE URBAN:A case study[J]. Natural Hazards, 2016, 84(2):749-776.
[23] JANG J H, CHANG T H, CHEN W B. Effect of inlet modelling on surface drainage in coupled urban flood simulation[J]. Journal of Hydrology, 2018, 562:168-180.
[24] 胡文燕.暴雨内涝和交通拥堵情景下急救医疗服务可达性与优化配置研究:以上海市中心城区为例[D].上海:华东师范大学, 2019. HU W Y. Evaluation and optimal allocation of the accessibility of EMS under the pluvial flood and traffic congestion scenarios:A case study for inner-city of Shanghai[D]. Shanghai:East China Normal University, 2019.(in Chinese)
[25] MU D R, LUO P P, LYU J, et al. Impact of temporal rainfall patterns on flash floods in Hue city, Vietnam[J]. Journal of Flood Risk Management, 2021, 14(1):e12668.
[26] 邵蕊,邵薇薇,苏鑫,等.基于TELEMAC-2D模型分析不同洪涝情景对城市应急响应时间的影响[J].清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2022, 62(1):60-69.SHAO R, SHAO W W, SU X, et al. Impact of various flood scenarios on urban emergency responses times based on the TELEMAC-2D model[J]. Journal of Tsinghua University (Science and Technology), 2022, 62(1):60-69.(in Chinese)
No related articles found!
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《清华大学学报(自然科学版)》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn