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清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2023, Vol. 63 Issue (2): 242-254    DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2022.22.048
  建设管理 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
刘扬, 唐文哲, 王运宏, 张惠聪
清华大学 土木水利学院, 水沙科学与水利水电工程国家重点实验室, 北京 100084
Influence of clients' design management capability on the design performance of water conservancy projects
LIU Yang, TANG Wenzhe, WANG Yunhong, ZHANG Huicong
State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
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摘要 为推动水利工程建设高质量发展,水利工程业主应重视设计管理,以实现水利工程建设项目的经济、社会、环境目标。已有研究多聚焦于设计方视角探讨设计管理问题,缺乏从业主视角系统研究业主管理能力及其对设计绩效的影响。该研究提出并验证了水利工程业主设计管理模型,揭示了业主设计管理能力对设计绩效的显著正向作用。结果显示:业主设计管理能力能通过促进设计资源配置提升设计绩效,也能通过设计激励和设计资源配置的链式中介作用于设计绩效。该研究为业主视角下进行设计激励和设计资源配置提供了理论参考,并可从实践方面指导业主加强水利工程设计管理。
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关键词 业主设计管理激励资源配置设计绩效水利工程    
Abstract:[Objective] Water conservancy projects play a critical role in irrigation, power generation, water supply, flood control, and navigation. The design processes are of great importance to the water conservancy project delivery with client requirements transformed into reality, thus making it imperative for clients to focus on design management. Poor design management of clients can result in several design problems, such as inadequate understanding of the operational and maintenance requirements in designs, design delay, the high construction cost of design options, and poor design constructability. The client-related design problems can be attributed to their poor design management in contract management, interface management and technical audit of designs, insufficient use of incentives for designers, and inadequate design resources. Existing studies have mainly focused on design management from the designers' perspective. However, a systematic analysis of the impact of clients' design management capability on the design performance has not been conducted so far. Thus, the purpose of this study is to establish and test a conceptual model of clients' design management and reveal the causal relationships between their design management capability, use of incentives for designers, design resource allocation, and design performance in water conservancy projects. [Methods] In this study, multiple methods were used to collect qualitative and quantitative data from the field survey on the water conservancy projects in Ningxia, China, including questionnaires, interviews, direct observation, and project document reviews. All respondents had relevant professional experience in project management and either worked at the ministry of water resources in the country or participated in the water conservancy projects in Ningxia. The sample mean estimation, analysis of variance, consistency test, confirmatory factor analysis, and structural equation modeling (SEM) were used to perform the statistical analysis of the quantitative data. Moreover, the bootstrap method was adopted to test the mediating effects in the model. [Results] The results indicate that clients' design management capability has gained acceptance by the participants of the water conservancy projects of Ningxia, while notably, the design-related contract management is more challenging for clients themselves. In addition, clients should give their concern for the trade-off between rewards and punishments for design incentives, as well as optimizing the design period and the allocation of information resources. The SEM results confirm three paths from clients' design management capability to the design performance of water conservancy projects with the standardized regression coefficients under a significance level of 0.001. The first path is clients' design management capability → design performance; the second path is clients' design management capability → design resource allocation → design performance; and the third path is clients' design management capability → use of incentives for designers→ design resource allocation → design performance. [Conclusions] This study reveals that clients' design management capability can directly promote resource allocation and also exert an effect on design resource allocation through the use of incentives, thereby achieving a superior design performance. The use of incentives and design resource allocation contribute a chain mediating effect to clients' design management capability and design performance. The findings of this study can provide theoretical and practical guidance for the clients of water conservancy projects to conduct effective design management and improve design outcomes. The clients are suggested to enhance design management through improving their capabilities of design-related contract management, interface management and technical audit capabilities, and effectively allocating resources for the front-end design, geological exploration equipment, design period and information management, as well as applying incentives to motivate design optimization and innovation.
Key wordsclients' design management    incentive    resource allocation    design performance    water conservancy project
收稿日期: 2022-06-13      出版日期: 2023-01-14
刘扬, 唐文哲, 王运宏, 张惠聪. 水利工程业主设计管理能力对设计绩效的影响机理[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2023, 63(2): 242-254.
LIU Yang, TANG Wenzhe, WANG Yunhong, ZHANG Huicong. Influence of clients' design management capability on the design performance of water conservancy projects. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2023, 63(2): 242-254.
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