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清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2015, Vol. 55 Issue (6): 624-632    
  水利水电工程 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
工程项目团队能力的测量与评价
强茂山, 袁尚南, 温祺
清华大学 水沙科学与水利水电工程国家重点实验室, 项目管理与建设技术研究所, 北京 100084
Team capabilities in engineering projects: Measurement and evaluation
QIANG Maoshan, YUAN Shangnan, WEN Qi
Project Management and Technology Institute, State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
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摘要 工程项目临时组织由业主、设计、监理和承包商项目团队组成, 对团队能力的科学评价有利于提升工程项目临时组织的管理水平。基于文献调研, 该文从能力形成视角界定项目团队能力的内涵, 辨析其要素结构并构建测量模型, 利用226份水电工程项目团队调研问卷的数据进行实证检验。通过信度效度检验、因子分析、回归分析和对比分析, 得到主要结论: 1) 项目团队能力可以用团队领导能力、团队内在能力和团队外显能力这3个因子描述, 并用16要素指标测量, 其中团队内在能力比团队外显能力和团队领导能力影响更大; 2) 项目团队能力的测量可以采用一阶或二阶模型, 前者适用于需要详细测量各能力因子的情况, 后者适用于需要总体测量团队能力的情况; 3) 对能力现状评价结果显示, 复杂项目的团队和设计团队的能力相对较高, 而当业主团队能力不高时其设计和监理团队的能力则相应较高形成了对项目所需管理能力的补充。
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强茂山
袁尚南
温祺
关键词 工程项目团队能力能力测量模型能力形成过程    
Abstract:Temporary organizations during engineering projects include the owner, designer, consultant and contractor teams. Thus, evaluations of project team capabilities will help improve management of engineering project organizations. A literature review showed the key factors affecting project team capabilities and which factors should be analyzed in a measurement model with empirical tests based on 226 questionnaires from hydropower project teams. A reliability test, validity test, factor analysis, regression analysis and comparative analysis showed that the project team capability is dependent on the team-leader capability, team-base capability and team-external capability with 16 measurement indicators. The team-base capability is the most significant of the three in determining the team capability. The project team capability can be measured by the first and second order models, with the first one evaluating detailed aspects of each capability factor, and the second one measuring the overall team capability. The capability evaluation results showed that teams from complex projects have relatively high capability, as do similar designer teams. Also, when the owner team is not capable enough, the designer and consultant team capabilities need to be relatively high to provide the needed capability demand for the project management.
Key wordsengineering project team capability    capability measurement model    capability formation process
收稿日期: 2015-05-13      出版日期: 2015-09-08
ZTFLH:  C93  
  F407.9  
引用本文:   
强茂山, 袁尚南, 温祺. 工程项目团队能力的测量与评价[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2015, 55(6): 624-632.
QIANG Maoshan, YUAN Shangnan, WEN Qi. Team capabilities in engineering projects: Measurement and evaluation. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2015, 55(6): 624-632.
链接本文:  
http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/  或          http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/Y2015/V55/I6/624
  图1 工程项目团队能力的理论解构
  表1 工程项目团队能力(TC)测量指标
  图2 工程项目团队能力的测量模型
  表2 调研样本的分布统计
  表3 Cronbach’sAlpha系数及因子间相关系数计算的结果
  表4 因子间相关系数计算结果
  表5 探索性因子分析(EFA)的结果
  表6 验证性因子分析(CFA)结果
  表7 原模型与其他备择模型的拟合指标比较
  表8 TC及其分项与TeamCapability间的回归系数、R2和F
  表9 TC及其分目中不同身份团队TC值的对比结果
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