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清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2015, Vol. 55 Issue (9): 950-956,963    
  水利水电工程 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
基于实时定位系统的监理人员管理和评价
江汉臣, 林鹏, 强茂山
清华大学 水沙科学与水利水电工程国家重点实验室, 北京 100084
Supervisor management and evaluation method based on real-time tracking
JIANG Hanchen, LIN Peng, QIANG Maoshan
State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
全文: PDF(2804 KB)  
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摘要 该文提出一种基于智能手机和实时定位系统的施工现场监理人员管理和评价的方法。通过安装全球定位系统(GPS)数据上传应用的智能手机采集现场监理人员位置信息, 实时上传到服务器进行数据整合处理, 将人员的位置和行为轨迹显示在Web页面上, 实现实时监控。对收集到的GPS数据进行深度分析, 识别出监理人员特定的工作情境, 构建3个衡量工作量的指标: 现场工作时间、有效工作时间、有效工作范围, 从而评定监理工作绩效。通过模拟试验对方法的可行性进行了验证。试验结果表明: 本文提出的方法可以准确确定监理人员的实时位置, 有效识别其工作情境, 提取的各项指标符合实际情况。该方法在重大水利工程建设管理中有较大的潜在应用空间。
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江汉臣
林鹏
强茂山
关键词 水利工程监理管理全球定位系统(GPS)数据挖掘情境识别工作量测量    
Abstract:A method was developed to provide prompt management and evaluation of supervisory staff behavior on dam construction sites. The system uses smart phones embedded with global positioning system (GPS) module for real-time location tracking. The supervisor location information is collected and uploaded to the server by the smart phones. The server processes the data and displays the locations and paths of each supervisor on a web page for real-time monitoring. Three indicators, the field work time, effective work time and effective working range, were developed to identify the specific work context and measure the supervisor workloads. The method was verified by simulated field tests that show that the method can accurately determine the real-time positions of the supervisors and can identify their work context. Thus, three indicators reflect the actual situation. The real-time tracking system is a useful tool for managing and evaluating field supervisor behavior in large hydraulic projects.
Key wordshydraulic engineering    supervisor management    global positioning system (GPS) data mining    context recognition    workload measuring
收稿日期: 2013-09-22      出版日期: 2015-11-09
ZTFLH:  F407.9  
通讯作者: 林鹏, 教授, Email: celinpe@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn     E-mail: celinpe@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
引用本文:   
江汉臣, 林鹏, 强茂山. 基于实时定位系统的监理人员管理和评价[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2015, 55(9): 950-956,963.
JIANG Hanchen, LIN Peng, QIANG Maoshan. Supervisor management and evaluation method based on real-time tracking. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2015, 55(9): 950-956,963.
链接本文:  
http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/  或          http://jst.tsinghuajournals.com/CN/Y2015/V55/I9/950
  图1 实时定位系统结构示意图
  图2 管理系统显示界面
  图3 某旁站监理员典型工作情境
  图4 DBSCAN 算法聚类结果示意
  图5 监理工作情况日报表
  图6 户外实验场地
  表1 试验场地控制点经纬度
  图7 试验轨迹分布
  表2 三项指标的误差分析
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