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清华大学学报(自然科学版)  2023, Vol. 63 Issue (2): 179-190    DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2022.22.053
  建设管理 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
黄玥诚1, 张桎淮1, 曹思涵1, 李建华2, 方东平1
1. 清华大学 建设管理系, 北京 100084;
2. 北京城建集团有限责任公司, 北京 100088
Safety culture management mechanism design in the construction industry based on semantic analysis
HUANG Yuecheng1, ZHANG Zhihuai1, CAO Sihan1, LI Jianhua2, FANG Dongping1
1. Department of Construction Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
2. Beijing Urban Construction Group Co., Ltd., Beijing 100088, China
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摘要 安全文化在建筑业安全管理中至关重要,安全文化测评是发现安全文化薄弱环节和设计提升措施的重要依据。然而,现有安全文化测评指标表述简略且语言逻辑性不足,缺少管理机制视角的特征解析。该文基于管理机制设计理论和语义分析方法,从建筑业安全文化测评相关文献中收集测评指标,根据测评指标的语义角色分解提取出主体、行为、属性、时间、地点、方式、范围和原因8种管理机制元素,通过梳理所有测评指标的元素作用关系,归纳并构建了安全文化的单主体和双主体2种管理机制元模型并分析了其拓展形式。提出了基于管理机制设计视角的建筑业安全文化提升策略,并结合案例阐释了应用方式。构建的建筑业安全文化管理机制元模型及多种拓展形式,可为安全文化的提升措施设计提供参考。
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关键词 建筑业安全文化管理机制语义分析    
Abstract:[Objective] Safety culture plays an important role in safety management in the construction industry. Safety culture evaluation items form an important basis for determining the limitations of safety culture and designing measures for improvement. However, the existing safety culture evaluation items are simply expressed and backed by insufficient logic. Moreover, they lack the management mechanism perspective, thus affecting practical guidance. To manage safety culture in the construction industry more effectively and improve construction safety in engineering practice, it is necessary to link safety culture with the management mechanism. [Methods] There are two main analytical methods used in this study: management mechanism theory and semantic analysis method. The function of the management mechanism is to make the managed objects move in the direction and interact under certain rules desired by the manager, thus ensuring proper management. Semantic analysis refers to the use of various methods to learn and understand the semantic content of the text. Semantic role labeling (SRL) is a method to analyze the relationship between sentence components and predicates, with sentence predicates as the core. Common semantic roles include agent, sufferer, time, place, etc. The semantic analysis results obtained by SRL are highly consistent with those of the management mechanism. Therefore, the SRL method is used to analyze the management mechanism elements and connotations of the safety culture evaluation items on the semantic analysis level. Based on the management mechanism theory and semantic analysis, this study first collects a total of 1 [KG-*7]107 evaluation items from 33 construction safety culture evaluation-related articles. Further, based on the semantic role of the evaluation items, eight types of management mechanism elements are extracted, including agent, behavior, property, time, location, manner, range, and reason. By summarizing all interactions between the management mechanism elements in the evaluation items, the rules of safety culture management mechanism can be explored. [Results] The extraction result analysis indicates that the safety culture evaluation items can be characterized using two management mechanism meta-models and their extended forms, which include one subject or two subjects. Additionally, the management mechanism elements of agent, behavior, property, time, location, manner, range, and reason and their interactions can also be characterized using these models. Of them, all kinds of management mechanism elements not only involve a diversified management practice connotation but can also be adjusted to form the design basis for safety culture improvement measures. The management mechanism elements are also clearer and more practical compared with the conventional brief description of safety culture evaluation items. In addition, this study presents the construction industry safety culture improvement strategy based on the perspective of management mechanism, and the application of this strategy is explained using an actual case. [Conclusions] On the basis of the conventional evaluation-oriented safety culture promotion method, this study theoretically enriches the connotation and characteristics of the safety culture management mechanism and provides suggestions for construction industry employees to implement safety culture management in practice.
Key wordsconstruction industry    safety culture    management mechanism    semantic analysis
收稿日期: 2022-08-17      出版日期: 2023-01-14
黄玥诚, 张桎淮, 曹思涵, 李建华, 方东平. 基于语义分析的建筑业安全文化管理机制设计[J]. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2023, 63(2): 179-190.
HUANG Yuecheng, ZHANG Zhihuai, CAO Sihan, LI Jianhua, FANG Dongping. Safety culture management mechanism design in the construction industry based on semantic analysis. Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology), 2023, 63(2): 179-190.
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